THIS IS With Your Host... Breathing The Nose Knows Blood Tubes Misc. 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 500 Lungs The air sacs of the lungs are called? A 100 alveoli A 100 The large passageways leading into each lung are called? A 200 Bronchi A 200 “Dust cells” that wander in and out of the alveoli, picking up bacteria, carbon particles, and other debris are ? A 300 macrophages A 300 The serous membrane covering the surface of the lungs is called the? A 400 Visceral Pleura A 400 The central area between the two lungs that houses the heart, great blood vessels, bronchi, and esophagus is called the? A 500 Mediastinum A 500 The most important stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is the body’s need to rid itself of ______ in the blood. B 100 carbon dioxide B 100 A mechanism that clears the upper respiratory passages by exiting through the nasal cavity is called? B 200 a sneeze B 200 Normal quiet breathing moves about _____ mL of air into and out of the lungs with each breath. B 300 500 mL B 300 The respiratory movement representing the total amount of exchangeable air is the? B 400 Vital Capacity B 400 Air moving in and out of the lungs is called? B 500 Pulmonary ventilation B 500 What is another name for nostrils? C 100 Nares C 100 Air from the nasal cavity enters the superior portion of the pharynx called the? C 200 nasopharynx C 200 Give one of the functions of the paranasal sinuses. C 300 1. They lighten the skull 2. They act as resonance chambers for speech 3. They produce mucus C 300 DAILY Place A Wager DOUBLE C 400 The nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by? C 400 the hard and soft palate C 400 What is present inside the nasal cavity that traps and filters out unwanted bacteria and debris? C 500 mucus C 500 What term refers to an inadequate blood flow to a part of the body? D 100 Ischemia D 100 Which term refers to the deprivation of an adequate oxygen supply? D 200 Hypoxia D 200 The lipid molecule that prevents lung collapse in each alveolar sac is called? D 300 Surfactant D 300 The oxygen transporting molecule in the blood is called? D 400 hemoglobin D 400 Exchange of both oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by what mechanism? D 500 diffusion D 500 The opening between the vocal chords is called the ? E 100 glottis E 100 The throat is also known as the ? E 200 Pharynx E 200 The mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the 5th thoracic vertebra is called? E 300 Trachea E 300 The C-shaped rings that reinforce the trachea are constructed of _____ cartilage. E 400 Hyaline Cartilage E 400 The flap of elastic cartilage that protects the opening of the larynx is called? E 500 Epiglottis E 500 Following the removal of the larynx, a person would be unable to do what? F 100 speak F 100 Which structures in the trachea beat continually and propel contaminated mucus up and out of the airways? F 200 cilia F 200 When oxygen enters the respiratory system, what is the next structure after the trachea that air passes through? F 300 bronchi F 300 The walls of the alveoli are composed largely of which kind of tissue? F 400 simple squamous epithelium F 400 When we inhale, our lung volume ____ (↓↑) and our lung pressure ____ (↓↑). F 500 Lung volume ↑, and lung pressure ↓. F 500 The Final Jeopardy Category is: Breathing Please record your wager. Click on screen to begin Name the muscles that contract so we can inspire air? Click on screen to continue Intercostals and the Diaphragm Click on screen to continue Thank You for Playing Jeopardy!