RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 1. Respiratory System System consisting of the organs that provide the body with a continuous supply of oxygen and rid the body of carbon dioxide. 2. Mouth and Nose Air enters through the nose and mouth, both of which are lined with mucous membranes. Fine hairs called cilia trap dirt that you breathe in. 3. Throat Has two passageways o One for air o One for food 4. Epiglottis Is a flap of tissue that closes over the trachea when you swallow. 5. Larynx Is the upper part of the respiratory system, which contains the vocal cords. 6. Trachea Is a windpipe that directs air to the lungs. 7. Bronchi Are passages through which air enters the lungs. In the lungs, oxygen is transferred to the blood, and carbon dioxide is removed from the blood. 8. Diaphragm Is a dome-shaped muscle that separates the lungs from the abdomen. Problems 1. Influenza- (Flu) caused by a virus 2. Bronchitis- Is swelling of bronchi-the lungs’ air passages-due to infection. 3. Allergies- Immune responses to foreign substances. 4. Asthma- An inflammatory disease that causes the bronchi to become blocked or narrowed. 5. Pneumonia- Lung infection caused by viruses or bacteria. 6. Emphysema- A disease in which the alveoli are damaged or destroyed. 7. Tuberculosis- A bacterial lung infection that causes a dry cough in early stages and chest pain later on. 8. Lung Cancer- A disease in which tissues of the lung are destroyed by the growth of a tumor. CARE 1. 2. 3. 4. Stay active- regular physical activity Avoid smoking and secondhand smoke Avoid polluted air. Reduce your risk of respiratory infection- by washing your hands regularly with soap and water and avoid touching your nose and mouth.