Review for Hinduism Chapter 3 TEST A Parts A,B,C A Brahmin is a member of the priestly caste. The British controlled most of the sub-continent from late 16th century till 19th. The Mahabhrata, is an epic poem, is about a great battle. The books of the _________, written 600 BCE indicate the emergence of a speculative, philosophical strand in the Vedic tradition. Shankara emphasized monism - the oneness of everything. The second ranking caste (Ksatriyas) consists of nobles and warriors. The fourth stage in a devout Hindu’s life is called Renunciate/Sannyasin. A short phase, often chanted or used in meditation - mantra. The real focus of the Bhagavad Gita is ______, or worship to one’s god. Samasara is the cycle of the everyday world of change and suffering. The earliest sacred texts of Hinduism are the Vedas. A guru is often the “holy teacher” in an Ashram. The Goddess Saraswati is a patron of music and the arts. The goal of most Hindu paths is moksha, release from the cycle of death and rebirth. Durga is “awe-inspiring, distant” a goddess that is a form of Devi. Hinduism Chapter 3 Page 2 An Ashram leads to the development of a spiritual community. The word Upanishads means “sitting near” a disciples master. Swami Vivekananda was a disciple of _______________; who tried to make Hinduism a missionary religion 1893 in Chicago’s World Fair. ________ was the founder of the philosophers in the Vedanta school. In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna counsels _______ to go to war and fight. The third stage of life for devote Hindu’s is called ______________. The Vedic scriptures are almost entirely ______ and rituals written for priestly purposes. The most holy river for bathing in northern India is the ________ River. George Harrison (Beatles) studied under Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and wrote a song entitled _______ ______ _______ (Krishna) Mohandas Gandhi was the leader toward Indian independence who’s movement involved ______- ___________ methods and tactics. Swami __________ fought for modern Hinduism to return it to the purity of the early Vedic scriptures. Shankara taught that ________ is the impersonal groundless ground of all reality. The Upanishads teach that all beings are but expressions of Brahman and that people’s real problem is ___________. Hindu’s who follow is called _________-_______ the way of devotion. Hinduism Chapter 3 Page 3 Maya is “__________” keeps us from seeing reality correctly. The term meaning non-violence or non-harm is ____________. The most complicated of the ________ gods, Shiva. The basic Vedic ritual of _____ _______ gives rise to the yoga practices Respect is shown to ___________ through the massaging of their feet. ______ embodies the tension between erotic and ascetic powers. The spiritual discipline of ___________ and insight is jnana yoga. The creative force that made the universe is embodied in __________. Puja can be performed with such things as ________ and _________. Krishna is a god associated with divine energies, a form of __________. In the four stages of life, _________, the first stage are to be celibate. The name for the three forms of the divine is _____________. Rama and Krishna are the best known __________ of Vishnu. Martin Luther King, Jr. learned his method of non-violence from _____. The one animal this is most sacred to all Hindu’s is a _________ Kali is a form of Devi, a _______ associated with destruction and rebirth The Dharma _______are centrally concerned with the eternal order of everything. The elephant head god is _____________. Hinduism Chapter 3 Page 4 The main hero of the classical Hindu epics is Rama, a prince who is an avatar of __________. Samadhi is a state of inner peace resulting from __________. One of the most worshipped deities, is male or female, namely _____. Mahandas Gandhi went to England and studied _________. __________ in the 20th century was practiced by Ralph Waldo Emerson. _________ was the ancient language of India and the Vedas. ___________ are centers through which energy rises from the spine. The ________ system is a division of society into economic classes. The ________ ________ ________ is possibly the earliest civilization. A good example of Ghandhi’s non-violent protest happened in _______ and was called the ________ _________. 1992 Hindu activist destroyed a Muslim _________ in Ayodhya Northern India and fighting broke out all over. Which of the Vedic Gods is recognized by his flute ___________. The best known Indian stringed instrument is a ____________. Ghandhi lived for a while in what two countries other than India ____________- and ___________ __________. Hinduism does not have a ____________. The lowest of the caste system workers is called an __________.