Ancient India Study Guide - Fort Thomas Independent Schools

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Study Guide for Ancient India Test Name ________________________

1. India Vocabulary Words (all vocabulary words and definitions from the handout I gave you)

Chapter 6, Section 1; pages 194 – 201 (India’s Early Civilizations) Essential Question: How has geography impacted the life and history of India?

1.

What are the 2 main mountain ranges and 2 bodies of water that acted as barriers around the subcontinent of India. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.

What are the 2 main rivers of the Indus River Valley? ___________________________________________________________________________ 3.

Definition of monsoon. ___________________________________________________ 4.

How do the monsoons affect the climate of India – how many seasons? ___________________________________________________________________________ 5.

What country is the Indus River Valley in today? _______________________________ 6.

Who were the Aryans? ____________________________________________________ 7.

How did cattle become sacred? ______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

Essential Question: What is the caste system and how did it influence life?

8.

How did the caste system dictate someone’s life? _______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 9.

Why was the caste system created? __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

10.

List and describe the 4 varnas a.

_____________ - __________________________________________________ b.

_____________ - __________________________________________________ c.

_____________ - __________________________________________________ d.

_____________ - __________________________________________________ 11.

What group is outside the varna system? ________________________________ 12.

Describe this group _________________________________________________ 13.

What is the difference between a varna and a jaiti? ____________________________________________________________________ 14.

Describe the roles of men and women. _______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 6, Section 2; pages 202 – 206 (Hinduism and Buddhism) Essential Question: What are the basic beliefs and practices of Hinduism? Hinduism:

15.

What are the Vedas? ________________________________________________ 16.

How did Hinduism develop? _______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 17.

What do the Upanishads say? ______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 18.

How does the Upanishads describe how a person unites with Braham? ______________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

19.

Explain reincarnation. _____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 20.

Explain dharama. _______________________________________________________ 21.

Explain karma. __________________________________________________________ 22.

How did the varna system affect people’s lives? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Essential Question: What are the basic beliefs and practices of Buddhism?

23.

The founder of Buddhism was ____________ __________________ 24.

Describe Siddhartha Gautama’s early life ____________________________________________________________________________ 25.

One day he asked his charioteer to drive him outside the palace. What were his 4 sights? a.

_____________________ c. _____________________ b. ______________________ d. ______________________ 26. Shocked by these scenes, he meditated on what he saw and concluded life is _____________________________________ 27. Buddha taught that anyone, no matter what their social class, could find _______________ (which is also the meaning of his name).

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