# 1 point sample answer: For example, the response may ```Ohio Graduation Test 2009 – Math
Data Analysis and Probability : Benchmark A 31, 38; Benchmark B 1;
Benchmark D 16; Benchmark E 22; Benchmark F 35; Benchmark H 26; Benchmark J 42;
Benchmark K 4
Geometry and Spatial Sense: Benchmark B 29; Benchmark C 3;
Benchmark D 23; Benchmark E 7; Benchmark F 18, 40; Benchmark I 36
Measurement: Benchmark B 5, 32; Benchmark C 9, 39; Benchmark D 20;
Benchmark E 24; Benchmark F 44
Number Sense: Benchmark A 6; Benchmark C 30; Benchmark E 19; Benchmark
G 27, 34; Benchmark I 41
Patterns, Functions and Algebra: Benchmark A 17, 21; Benchmark C 25;
Benchmark D 8, 43; Benchmark E 33; Benchmark F 2, 28; Benchmark I 37
Not slated for Public Release as of 7/1/09:
Questions: 10 - 15
To print a PDF of the OGT Test, go to
www.ode.state.oh.us
1. A mother is keeping a record of
how her new baby’s weight
changes as the baby grows. The
mother’s record is shown in the
table below. What type of graph
should she use to show how the
baby’s weight changed over time?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. line graph
B. histogram
C. circle graph
D. box-and-whisker plot
index
2. Jill charges a base rate of \$25 per lawn plus
\$18 for each hour she mows the lawn. Which
equation gives the amount of money, m, Jill
earns from mowing a lawn for h hours?
...
.m
D
.m
=h
–
25
...
–
=h
18
=
.m
B
0%
18
+
h
+
h
25
=
.m
A
index
0%
2.
..
0%
1.
..
0%
C
A. m = 25h + 18
B. m = 18h + 25
C. m =h – 18
25
D. m =h – 25
18
3. In which figure is the measure of
o
∠1 equal to 45 ?
0%
index
0%
0%
0%
4
4.
3
2.
2
3.
1
1.
4. Leroy has a number cube with sides labeled 1
through 6. He tosses the number cube 4 times. Each
toss results in a 5. What is the likelihood that the
next toss will result in a 5?
1.
2.
3.
4.
1
/1
1
/4
1
/5
1
/6
0%
1/1
index
1/4
1/5
1/6
5. For lunch Fanya drank a can of cola that had a diameter
of 2 inches and a height of 5 inches. After school, she drank
a can of juice that measures twice the diameter and twice
the height of the can of cola.
Find the volume of each can. Show work or provide an
times larger the volume of the juice can is than the volume
of the cola can. (2 points)
Write the answer on separate paper.
Scoring Guidelines
index
6. A virus measures 0.000022 mm in length.
Which value expresses the length of the virus in
scientific notation?
–4
A. 2.2 &times; 10 mm
0%
–5
B. 2.2 &times; 10 mm
0%
C. 2.2 &times; 10–6 mm
0%
D. 2.2 &times; 10–7 mm
0%
index
7. This net is folded to produce a
three-dimensional object. Which
object will this net produce?
4.
0%
0%
4
index
0%
3
0%
2
3.
2.
1
1.
8. At the beginning of the day, the owner of a
restaurant opens a new case of take-out boxes. One case
holds 500 take-out boxes. He uses an average of 35 takeout boxes each day. Based on his average usage, which
expression represents the number of take-out boxes that
remain d days after the new case of boxes is opened?
A. 500 – 35d
B. 500 + 35d
C. 500d – 35
D. 500d + 35
35
+
d
00
.5
D
C
.5
00
d
+
00
.5
B
0%
–
35
d
35
–
00
.5
A
index
0%
35
0%
d
0%
9. The diagram shows a
hexagon drawn inside a
rectangle. What is the
area of the hexagon?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. 21 cm2
B. 24 cm2
C. 30 cm2
D. 54 cm2
index
16. Tonya and her friends earned extra
money by mowing lawns around their
neighborhood. Tonya created a table to
show their earnings. Pedro noticed that
Tonya made a mistake. His earnings were
\$24, not \$8. How does this change affect
the mean of the group’s earnings?
A. The mean remains the same.
B. The mean increases by \$2.00.
C. The mean increases by \$3.00.
D. The mean decreases by \$9.00.
index
0%
A. The mean remai...
B. The mean incre...
C. The mean incre...
D. The mean decre...
below. Find a formula for or describe in words the
number of shaded squares in the nth figure. Find the
number of shaded squares in the 50th figure. Show your
Write the answer on separate paper.
index
Scoring Guidelines
18. Trapezoid RSTU is shown on the
grid. Which graph shows the image of
trapezoid RSTU after it is translated 5
units up and 3 units to the left?
0%
index
0%
0%
0%
4
4.
3
2.
2
3.
1
1.
19. Four numbers are shown.
31
/4 , 7 5/8 , √50, 7.82
Which shows these numbers ordered from least to
greatest?
A. 7 5/8 , 31/4 , 7.82, √50
B. √50, 7.82,31/4 , 7 5/8
5
31
C. √50, 7 /8 , /4 , 7.82
D. 31/4,√50 , 7 5/8 , 7.82
index
20. Zack is packing for a trip to Scotland. He read that the
average temperature in the summer is 18oC during the
day and 7oC during the night.
(F = 9/5 C + 32)
What is the difference between the high and low
temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. 19.8oF
B. 43.0oF
C. 51.8oF
D. 77.4oF
index
21. A grocery store has a
triangular pyramid of soup cans
on display. Steven counts the
number of cans in each of the top
five layers. Each successive layer
continues following the same
pattern. The display has 10 layers.
How many cans are in the 10th
layer?
0%
A. 25
B. 30
C. 45
D. 55
index
A. 25
B. 30
C. 45
D. 55
22. Local residents have requested a traffic light at the intersection of
Polk Road and Vine Street. They claim that the intersection has become
unsafe for their children due to the high volume of drivers using these
roads as shortcuts during rush hour from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m.
In response, the street department installed a device that would
count cars going through the intersection. The device counted the total
number of cars each day for a two-week period. The department used
the results to determine the average number of cars passing through
the intersection each day. They decided the number was normal for an
intersection with no light, and refused the residents’ request.
Explain how the residents can claim that the method the department
used to collect the data does not provide valid information for
evaluating their request. Explain how the department’s method can be
altered to provide more valid data. (2 points)
Write the answer on separate paper.
Scoring Guidelines
index
23. Points Q, R, and W are
plotted on the coordinate
grid. Where should point Z
be plotted so that
parallelogram QRWZ is
formed?
A. (–2, –6)
0%
B. (–1, –3)
0%
C. (3, –2)
0%
D. (2, –1)
0%
index
24. A manufacturer wants to make a rectangular
storage box with volume 0.75 cubic meters, length
1.5 meters, and width 0.4 meters.
What is the height of this box?
A. 0.15 m
B. 0.45 m
C. 0.80 m
D. 1.25 m
0%
A. 0.15 m
index
B. 0.45 m
C. 0.80 m
D. 1.25 m
25. Kim is selling sandwiches
for a school fundraiser. She
help her with pricing. Which
function represents the cost
of the sandwiches?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. f(x) = 1.15x
B. f(x) = 3.45x
C. f(x) = 1.15x + 3.45
D. f(x) = x2 + 1.15x – 9
index
26. A banquet center offers a choice of 3 salads, 5
main courses and 4 desserts. How many different
meals can be created by selecting one salad, one
main course and one dessert?
A. 12
B. 20
C. 35
D. 60
.6
0
0%
D
C
.3
0
.2
B
.1
A
index
0%
5
0%
2
0%
27. Joel has a 50-meter roll of copper wire that
weighs 7.5 kilograms. Approximately how
many meters of wire will be in a new shipment
that weighs 502.5 kilograms?
A. 75 m
B. 610 m
C. 3,350 m
D. 3,770 m
0%
A. 75 m
index
B. 610 m
C. 3,350 m
D. 3,770 m
28. Frank makes and sells small picture frames. His
revenue from sales can be represented as R = \$13.60x
for x frames sold. The cost of making the frames can
be represented as C = \$5.80x + \$120 for x frames
made. Determine the minimum number of frames
Frank must make and sell in order for his revenue to
be greater than his costs. Show your work or provide
Write the answer on separate paper.
Scoring Guidelines
index
29. Similar trapezoids are shown.
What is the value of n?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. 10
B. 12
C. 15
D. 19
index
30. The value of x is even, and the value of y
is odd. Which expression will produce an
even number?
A. x + 2y
B. 2x + y
C. x2 + y2
D. (x + y)2
0%
A. x + 2y
index
B. 2x + y
C. x2 + y2
D. (x + y)2
31. The bar graph shows the
number of customers in
Rio’s restaurant each day
last week. What is the
approximate mean number
of customers per day in
Rio’s restaurant last week?
0%
A. 360
0%
B. 400
0%
C. 440
0%
D. 500
index
32. Mitchell is planting tulip
bulbs in a rectangular planter
with the dimensions shown.
Mitchell plans to fill 3/4 of the
planter with soil. How much soil
will Mitchell need?
cu
bi
...
0%
bi
c.
..
1,
88
0
cu
.1
D
.2
,1
0
4
,5
8
.1
B
0%
7
cu
cu
8
,1
8
.1
A
index
0%
bi
c.
..
bi
c.
..
0%
C
A. 1,188 cubic inches
B. 1,584 cubic inches
C. 2,107 cubic inches
D. 11,880 cubic inches
33. When a car travels at a constant rate, distance
varies directly with time. Which graph could
represent the distance as a function of time?
0%
index
0%
0%
0%
4
4.
3
2.
2
3.
1
1.
34. The employees of a
company will vote on two
options for pay increases.
The first option states that
\$500 raise; the second option
states that each employee will receive a 2% raise. The
table shows the annual salaries of the employees of the
company. Determine which option is likely to receive
the effects of each option on the given salaries.
Write the answer on separate paper.
(4 points)
Scoring Guidelines
index
35. A town census was conducted
every year for the past 10 years.
The scatterplot below shows the
results of the census. If the linear
trend continues, which prediction
is supported by the data?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. The population will stay the same for the next 5 years.
B. The population will reach 120,000 within the next 10 years.
C. The population will decline steadily over the next 10 years.
D. The population will exceed 50,000 people within the next 5
years.
index
36. A ramp is being built next to a 4-inch-high
sidewalk, as shown in the diagram below. Which
trigonometric relationship could be used to find the
value of x ?
0%
A.
B.
C.
D.
Cos 10o = 4/x
Cos 10o = x/4
Tan 10o = 4/x
Tan 10o = x/4
index
Cos 10o = 4/x
Cos 10o = x/4
Tan 10o = 4/x
Tan 10o = x/4
37. The number of hamburgers sold at a local restaurant
varies inversely with the price that is charged. The number, n,
of hamburgers sold at a price, p, in dollars can be found using
the formula n = 687.5/p. Approximately how many hamburgers
did the restaurant sell if the price of the hamburgers was \$3?
A. 278
B. 229
C. 225
D. 215
0%
A. 278
index
B. 229
C. 225
D. 215
38. The areas in square miles
of the Great Lakes are shown
in the bar graph. Based on
this graph, which set of
numbers is the closest to the
total area of the five Great
Lakes?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. between 70,000 and 80,000 square miles
B. between 80,000 and 90,000 square miles
C. between 90,000 and 100,000 square miles
D. between 100,000 and 110,000 square miles
index
39. Points R and T are the midpoints of the
sides of triangle QSU, as shown in the diagram
below. What is the perimeter of ΔRST?
A. 26
B. 40
C. 54
D. 80
.8
0
0%
D
C
.5
0
.4
B
.2
A
index
0%
4
0%
6
0%
40. The vertices of a kite are located at the points
P (–2, –1), Q (–1, –2), R (–2, –5), and S (–3, –2).
The image of the kite is reflected over the x-axis, and
then the reflected image is translated 3 units to the
right and 2 units up. Provide the coordinates for the
vertices of the final image of the kite. Provide a
graph, calculations or reasoning to explain how you
determined the coordinates. (2 points)
Write the answer on separate paper.
Scoring Guidelines
index
41. What is the value of the expression
2 w2
n – /q if n = 1/3 , w = -6 and q = 2/3?
A.
B.
C.
D.
-53 8/9
-23 8/9
24 1/9
54 1/9
0%
-53 8/9
index
-23 8/9
24 1/9
54 1/9
42. Population data for Ohio is provided in the table
below.
Based on the data, what is the probability, rounded to
the nearest ten thousandth, that a male selected at random
in Ohio in 1998 would have been Hispanic?
0%
A. 0.4910
0%
B. 0.0170
C. 0.0147
0%
D. 0.0070
0%
index
43. A company is comparing two different postage plans for
next year. The company can purchase a postage plan where
the total cost, c1, is \$45,000 plus \$3,000 per mailing, where n
is the number of mailings. The cost, c2, of the other plan is
\$0.35 for each piece, p, mailed. Which of the following is a set
of equations modeling the costs of the two plans?
A. c1 = 45000n + 3000
c2 = 0.035p
B. c1 = 45000 + 3000n
c2 = 0.35 + p
C. c1 = 45000n + 3000
c2 = 0.35 + p
D. c1 = 45000 + 3000n
c2 = 0.35p
0%
A. c1 = 45...
index
B. c1 = 45...
C. c1 = 45...
D. c1 = 45...
44. The Johnsons were going to a family wedding
and drove a total of 1,244 miles to reach their
cousin’s house. They spent 9 hours driving the
first day at an average speed of 60 miles per
hour. They reached their cousin’s house on the
second day after driving 11 hours. What was their
average speed on the second day?
0%
0%
0%
0%
A. 60 miles per hour
B. 62 miles per hour
C. 64 miles per hour
D. 78 miles per hour
index
Question 5 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
2
The focus of the item is to find the volumes of both cans and to determine the
relationship between the two volumes. The response contains the volumes for
the two cans with a comparison of these two volumes. Explanation may be
supported by formula, diagrams or words.
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution
process. The response shows understanding of some key elements of the task
but contains gaps or flaws.
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Correctly find the volumes of the cylinders, the comparison of the volumes is
incorrect or missing.
• Demonstrate a correct process for finding both volumes but contain calculation
errors. The comparison of volumes is consistent based on the miscalculations.
• Find the volumes using the diameter (2 in.) instead of radius (1 in.) and state
that the juice can is 8 times greater than the volume of the cola can.
• State that the volume of the juice can is 8 times greater than the volume of the
cola can with incomplete or missing work for finding the volumes.
1
index
Q. 5 Scoring Continued
Question 5 – Scoring Continued
Points
Student Response
0
response does not meet the criteria required to earn one point.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• State only one of the two volumes.
• States 8 with no explanation.
• Recopy information provided in the item with no work.
• Be blank or the student writes, “I do not know” or includes unrelated
statements or work.
index
Question 17 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
2
The response includes a valid mathematical rule or equation for finding the
number of shaded squares in the nth figure, and uses that rule to correctly find
the number of shaded squares in the 50th figure.
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution
process. The response shows understanding of some key elements of the task
but contains gaps or flaws.
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• The response does not include a valid rule or equation, but does find the
number of shaded squares in the 50th figure by some demonstrated method,
including adding 2 to the previous number of shaded squares 49 times.
OR
Continued on next slide….
1
index
Q. 17 Scoring Continued
Question 17 – Scoring Continued
Points
Student Response
1
Scoring continued…
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• The response includes a valid rule or equation but calculation errors lead
to an incorrect answer for the number of squares in the 50th figure.
OR
• The response includes a valid rule or equation but does not attempt to find
the number of shaded squares in the 50th figure.
OR
• The rule or equation found is incorrect, but is applied to produce an answer
for the 50th term that is consistent with the incorrect rule. For example, the
rule is stated as 2n + 1, and the number of shaded squares found for the
50th term is 101.
The response shows no understanding of the necessary tasks.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• focus on finding the area or perimeter of the figures.
0
index
Question 22 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
2
The focus of the item is to evaluate the street department’s sampling method and
explain how it can be improved. The response explains why the sampling method does
not provide a good representation of the residents’ claim and provides a way to obtain
more valid data.
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution process.
The response shows understanding of some key elements of the task but contains
gaps or flaws.
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Explain how the method is flawed but fail to provide an improvement.
• Provide a valid alternate way to collect data, but the explanation of the flaw is
incorrect or missing.
The response indicates inadequate understanding of the task, and the response does
not meet the criteria required to earn one point.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• State that the department’s method was valid and did not require any changes.
• Include unrelated statements or work.
1
0
index
Question 28 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
2
The response contains the correct number of frames rounded up to the nearest whole
value and contains clear, correct work/explanation for this answer.
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution process.
The response shows understanding of some key elements of the task but contains gaps
or flaws.
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• contain the correct response but contains vague, or incomplete work/explanation.
OR
• contain a minor calculation error but provides a solution with the error.
OR
• contain some correct work, for example a correct graph of one of the functions, a
correct table for one of the functions or valuations for at least two values of x.
The response indicates inadequate understanding of the task and the response does not
meet the criteria required to earn one point.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• provide a number of frames with no support.
OR
• fail to demonstrate minimal understanding of the task
1
0
index
Question 34 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
4 The focus of this item is the comparison of a flat raise for all employees to a
raise based upon a percentage of their current salaries. The response
indicates that the advantage of one plan versus the other plan depends on the
employee’s annual salaries. The response determines that more employees
would likely vote for the flat \$500 raise than the 2% raise since more
employees would benefit more from the
flat \$500 raise.
3 The response clearly addresses the key aspects of the task; however, it
includes errors in completing one or two components.
3 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
Demonstrate a correct mathematical procedure but contain a computational
error (e.g. in finding the effect of a 2% raise or totaling the number of
employees who would vote for each option). The statement about the result of
the vote is consistent with work shown.
index
Q. 34 Scoring Continued
Question 34 – Scoring Continued
Points
Student Response
2
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution
process. The response may adequately address some of the components of the
task, but contain gaps or flaws in other components.
2 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Provide correct values for the effects of both raises, but fail to state which
• Provide correct values for the effects of both raises, but incorrectly determine
the winning option. For example, the student may state that the 2% raise will win
because there are more salaries (rather than employees) which will be greater.
• Demonstrate a correct procedure but contain multiple errors. For example, it
may contain errors both in calculating the effects of the raise and the total
number of employees voting. The determination of which option will win is
consistent with work shown.
• Demonstrate a correct procedure and correct work but base the calculations on
an incorrect percentage value (e.g., uses 0.2 instead of 0.02). The determination
of which option will win is consistent with work shown.
index
Q. 34 Scoring Continued
Question 34 – Scoring Continued
Points
Student Response
1
The response omits significant aspects of the task. There is evidence of minimal
understanding of the concepts involved in the task and/or solution process;
however, the response includes significant errors in most of the components of the
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Contain multiple calculation errors in using correct procedures to determine the
effects of the raises and fail to state which option will receive the most votes.
• Provide some evidence of a correct procedure. For example, the student may
correctly calculate the value of a 2% raise for at least two of the salaries with a
comparison to the \$500 raise.
0
elements or information. The response does not meet the criteria required to earn
one point.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• State that the \$500 option should win with incorrect or missing work.
• Include unrelated statements or work.
index
Question 40 – Scoring Guidelines
Points
Student Response
2
The focus of the item is to perform a series of transformations on the image of a kite and
to provide the coordinates for the vertices of the final image. The response provides the
correct coordinates for the vertices of the final image and provides mathematical support
1
The response provides evidence of a partially correct answer and/or solution process. The
response shows understanding of some key elements of the task but contains gaps or
flaws.
1 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Provide a graph showing the correct composition but fail to provide the final coordinates.
• Provide the coordinates for the reflected image of the kite with mathematical support but
fail to provide the correct coordinates for the final image.
• Provide support showing a flawed reflection (e.g., across the y-axis or with incorrect
vertices) and a correct translation of the reflected image provided with the coordinates of
the final image.
0
The response indicates inadequate understanding of the task, and the response does not
meet the criteria required to earn one point.
0 point sample answer: For example, the response may:
• Provide only the original kite.
• Give irrelevant information.
index
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