The Spirit of Independence

No Taxation Without
 Explain the Proclamation of 1763.
 Analyze why Britain began to enact harsher trade laws and
 Understand cause and effect relationships as they relate to
the reactions of the colonists.
 Indentify those individuals and groups that began to rebel
against British policy.
 Revenue – incoming money from taxes or other sources
 Writ of assistance – court document allowing customs
officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods
 Resolution – an official expression of opinion by a group
 Effigy – a mocking figure representing an unpopular
 Boycott – to refuse to buy items in order to show
disapproval or force acceptance of one’s terms
 Repeal – to cancel an act or law
 Follow along with the PowerPoint to fill in information
about British laws placed on American colonists.
Proclamation of 1763
 Prohibited, or barred, colonists from living west
of the Appalachian Mountains.
Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
 This was set up for the following reasons:
 a. Keep peace between Native Americans and
 b. Kept colonists near the Atlantic coast, where
British authority was stronger
 c. Allowed Britain to control westward expansion and
the fur trade
Proclamation of 1763
 King George III sent 10,000 troops to enforce the
proclamation and keep peace with Native Americans.
New Taxes
 Great Britain needed revenue, or income, to pay for
the troops, and to pay off large debts from the French
and Indian War.
New Taxes
 They issued new taxes and enforced old taxes more
strictly. Some colonists resorted to smuggling, and
this led to a loss of revenue.
 Parliament then passed a law to have accused
smugglers tried royally, and empowered customs
officers to obtain writs of assistance. These
documents allowed the officers to search almost
anywhere for smuggled goods.
Smuggling Poster
Sugar Act
 This lowered the tax on the molasses the colonists
imported. Britain hoped that this would lead to
colonists paying the tax instead of smuggling. It also
allowed officers to seize goods from accused
smugglers without going to court.
Sugar Act
 Colonists believed they had a right to a trial by jury,
and to be viewed as innocent until proved guilty.
They also did not want their homes randomly searched
for smuggled goods.
Stamp Act
 In 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act. This law
taxed almost all printed materials. Newspapers, wills,
and even playing cards needed a stamp to show that
the tax had been paid.
Stamp Act
 Patrick Henry: passed a resolution – a formal
expression of opinion – declaring that only the
burgesses could tax its citizens.
Stamp Act
 Samuel Adams: helped start the Sons of Liberty.
They burned effigies, or stuffed figures, made to look
like tax collectors.
Stamp Act
 People urged merchants to boycott, or refuse to buy –
British goods in protest.
 Businesses in Britain lost so much money that they
demanded Parliament repeal, or cancel, the Stamp
Stamp Act
Townshend Acts
 1767: Parliament taxed imported goods, such as
glass, tea, and paper, before they were brought inside
the colonies.
 Import means to go in to a country.
Townshend Acts
 Women protested by supporting another boycott of
British goods. They also urged colonists to wear
homemade fabrics. Some women’s groups called
themselves the Daughters of Liberty.
Wrap Up
1. Explain the Proclamation of 1763.
2. How are the Stamp Act and Sugar Act similar? How
are they different?
3. Why do you think Samuel Adams and others formed
the “Sons of Liberty” instead of just acting alone to
express their anger at the British policies?
4. How was the Townshend Act different from the Stamp
Act and Sugar Act?