1415 Notable Geographers and their Models/Contributions
In pairs you will create a poster (11x17 paper) for one of the notable geographers listed below. On
your poster you must have the following:
1. Name of model/theory – Print/Write it big so we can see it across the room.
2. The specific geography unit/s the model/theory is used in (Culture, Industry, etc)
3. Geographer’s name and credentials/qualifications + a photo (Make these <name/photo> big
enough to see from the middle of the room.)The year their model was created and where (get
4. What their model is supposed to explain regarding geography > Premise/what model-theory
explains regarding Human Geography.
5. A visual of their model or theory – use color, make it big (Can be printed)
6. Cite/explain a real world example (can be from the time period of the creation of Model/Theory)
7. Strengths of Model/Theory >Strengths of the model in Human Geography
8. Weaknesses of Model/Theory > Weaknesses/Issues with the model
9. Analysis of Effectiveness & validity in field of Human Geography>Based on 7, 8. Justify its validity
in the discipline today. (Does it still work when applied to places, scenarios, events?)
10. Sources > Take Care – there are many sites that have answers, make sure you vet your sources
and that what is posted is CORRECT – your AP exam grade may depend on it. Use the APHG books
like Rubenstein and DeBlij, Review books, handout, Good internet sites such as, External
links from Wikipedia (not Wikipedia itself) List any Prezi or Slideshare sources you found that will
be good for reviewing the model/theory/geographer
You will complete the Handy Dandy Geographers chart for each person using the posters.
J. Von Thunen/Agri Land Use Model
Norman Borlaug/Green Revolution
Vladimir Koppen/Climate Classifications
Carl Sauer/Possiblism Theory
Colin Renfrew/Language Hearth Theory
Marija Gimbutas/Language Hearth Theory
Ratzel/Env. Determinism Theory
Alfred Weber/Least Cost Theory (Industrial location)
Harold Hotelling/Locational Interdependence (linear city model)
10. Immanuel Wallerstein/World-System Theory
11. Losch/Profit Maximization Theory
12. Singer & Prebisch/Dependency Theory
13. Tinbergen & Reilly/Gravity Model(Retail Gravitation)
14. Walter Rostow/Modernization Model (5 Stages)
15. Karl Marx/Socialism Economic Theory
16. E. Ullman/Spatial Interaction Model (He has 2)
17. Alfred Mahan/Sea Power Theory
18. Halford Mackinder/Heartland Theory
19. F. Ratzel/Organic State theory
20. Nicholas Spkyman/Rimland Theory
21. J. Garreau/Nine Nations of North America
22. A. R. Omran/Epidemiological Transition
23. Ernst Ravenstein/Laws Of Migration
24. Esther Boserup/Agricultural development-AntiMalthusian Model
25. H. Carey/Gravity Model, Distance Decay
26. Thomas Malthus/Malthusian Theory -Overpopulation Issues
27. Wilber Zelinsky/Model Of Migration Transition
28. W. Thompson/Demographic Transition Model
29. Stouffer/Law Of Intervening Opportunities
30. Zipf/Gravity Model of migration
31. Ricardo/Bid-Rent Theory
32. Zipf/Rank Size rule
33. Ernst Burgess/Concentric Zones Model
34. C. Harris And E. Ullman/Multiple Nuclei Model
35. Homer Hoyt/Sector Model
36. P.J. Taylor & R.E. Lang/World Cities Model
37. P.O. Muller & Hartshorn/Suburbs and Transportation Analysis Theory
38. Vance/Urban Realms Model
39. Joel Garreau/Edge Cities model
40. John Borchert/Borchert’s Epochs Of American Urbanization
41. Alonso/Monocentric City Model
42. Deblij/Sub-Saharan African City Model
43. Ford-Griffin/Latin Am. City Model
44. McGee/SE Asian City Model
45. Harris/Galactic City Model
46. Walter Christaller/Central Place Theory