unit 4 studyguide

AP HuG Unit 4 Study Guide-Ethnicity, Gender, & Political Geography
1. When did most African states gain their independence?
2. Define State
3. Why do political geographers study states?
4. Define Peace of Westphalia
5. What was the importance of the treaty of Westphalia?
6. What is the significance of the Bosque region of Spain as it pertains to political and ethnic geography:
7. Give some examples of a nationless state:
8. Why did countries colonialize?
9. What was the significance of colonization?
10. What region benefitted the most form colonialism? Why?
11. What were Wallersteins views in his world Systems theory?
12. ________________________ colonized Libya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia
13. Characteristics of a Unitary state government:
14. Characteristic of a Federal state government:
15. Why is Nigeria considers a state with a federal system of government?
16. How are Scotland and Wales similar to Galicia and Catalonia?
17. Define devolution
18. Countries that have experienced violent devolution:
19. What devolutionary step did Scotland take in 1997?
20. What kind of boundary is between the USA and Canada?
21. What kind of boundary is between the USA and Mexico?
22. Define allocational boundary:
23. Give an example of an allocational boundary dispute:
24. Explain Friedrich Ratzel's Organic theory:
25. What country used Ratzel's subfield of geopolitics as a philosophy of expansion?
AP HuG Unit 4 Study Guide-Ethnicity, Gender, & Political Geography
26. Explain Mackinder’s Heartland Theory:
27. What concerns did Mackinder have about Stalin’s control over the countries of Eastern Europe?
28. Mackinder’s concerns led to the US policy of containment and the establishment of _____________________.
29. Define gender:
30. What is the most likely cause of regional variation in the appearance of human clusters?
31. Racial segregation in the US is decreasing/increasing.
32. What is meant by the statement: Ethnicity is dynamic:
33. Ethnicity is greatly affected by:
34. Define scale:
35. Define place:
36. What is it called when places are designed for either men or women?
37. What % of food in Sub-Saharan African is produced by women?
38. What can happen to women in India if the dowry contract is broken?
39. Why are Geographers interested in race, equality, and gender?
40. Define Apartheid:
41. Why is Ethnicity important?
42. Name the first and second most populous ethnic groups in the US:
43. Explain the African American population and the state of Michigan
44. Explain the triangular slave trade system:
45. After WWII why were many people forced to migrate?
46. Why did African Americans migrate out of the US south?
47. What were the segregation laws in the south called?
48. How are ethnic identities of decedents of European immigrants primarily preserved?
49. Define nationality:
50. List the key elements of nationalism:
AP HuG Unit 4 Study Guide-Ethnicity, Gender, & Political Geography
51. Examples of a nationality:
52. Define nation-state:
53. Examples of a nation-state
54. Define centripetal force
55. Examples of strong centripetal forces in the US:
56. Why might a Muslim family living in central India in 1947 feel the pressure to migrate?
57. What ethnic conflict is still ongoing in Sri Lanka?
58. Why did the Lebanese civil war begin?
59. Why are conflicts in Africa so widespread?
60. Define Balkanization:
61. Name some centripetal forces in Yugoslavia (before the breakup):
62. Describe Race:
63. Why are there conflicting claims to the artic?
64. What is the most populous country that is not a member of the United Nations?
65. What historically neutral country just joined the UN?
66. Define the UN
67. Define supernationalism:
68. Examples of supernationalism groups other then the UN:
69. What is the Importance of the European Union?
70. What was the Organization of African Union replaced with?
71. Define state:
72. Give an example of a state:
73. Give an example of a nation:
74. Where is the Fertile Crescent? Why is it important to human geographers?
75. Name a few of the biggest multinational states:
AP HuG Unit 4 Study Guide-Ethnicity, Gender, & Political Geography
76. Korea is a good example of a _____________________________
77. What are some problems in Cyprus?
78. Define colony:
79. Define colonialism:
80. Define imperialism:
81. Why did Europe establish colonies?
82. What is the Commonwealth?
83. Name a large land mass that is not part of a sovereign state:
84. Define a frontier:
85. Define boundary:
86. What are typical natural boundaries:
87. Define cultural boundaries
88. Define sovereignty:
89. Give examples of how a state can have sovereignty:
90. Define Self-determination:
91. Define gerrymandering
92. Who were the superpowers between 1940 and 1980 how did this change from the past?
93. How does terrorism differ from assassinations and other acts of political violence?
94. Define terrorism:
95. What were some challenges in establishing a representative government in Iraq after Saddam Hussein?
96. After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan what group did Osama bin Laden join? Why?
97. Explain the US relationship with China and Taiwan: