CWI: Causes of Conflict • Objective: to write a background paragraph and generate research questions surrounding your hypothesis • Agenda: 1. New Expectations 2. Goal 3. Model Reading 4. Concise Paragraph 5. Next Step 6. Model Research Questions • Date: 05/21/14 • HW: Make sure you have that step completed • Entry Task: You need your laptop out and ready to go New Expectations • 100% Effort • 100% of the Time • Norms: 1. 1st Time: 15 Minute Detention 2. 2nd Time: Code Blue Goal • Objective: gather background information on your conflict and also to map out ways to find information involving causes • Success Criteria: You are successful if you write a one-paragraph background piece. You are also successful if you map out your potential causes and come up with search strategies for them. • Previous Learning: Hypothesizing Causes and also Getting a Little Background Information Concise Paragraph Why did the United States invade Iraq in 2003? Since 1910 Iraq has been coveted for the fact that there are great oil deposits there. Iraq was governed as a mandate after World War I which gave it limited amounts of self-rule but the British still maintained military bases in the country and dealt with its foreign policy. A whole series of governments took over which were opposed to foreign British rule. In 1979 Saddam Hussein became president ushering in a new era of dictatorial and authoritarian rule. He quickly involved Iraq in a bloody Iran-Iraq war in which he became victorious (with American help). Later by 1991 he tested the international community by invading oil-rick Kuwait and he was summarily defeated by a large swath of international forces which opposed his aggression. Fatefully, the United States decided not to invade Iraq and depose the leader. Instead they subjected them to sanctions, weapons inspections and no-fly zones which Saddam Hussein did not comply with. By 2003, President George W. Bush, fresh off the largest ever terrorist attack on American soil decided to act. Next Step • What are the potential reasons the United States went to war with Iraq? • Weapons of Mass Destruction • Terrorism in Iraq • Human Rights Abuses • To change the Middle East • Wait a second….what about the oil? What about the rivalry and resentment with Saddam concerning Bush’s father? How to analyze? • Ask questions….lots of questions…. • In social science we ask questions involving sourcing, corroboration and contextualization. • Sourcing: Should this source be trusted? Why? Is there any reason for this source to distort the truth? • Corroboration: Do other academic sources agree with what this source is saying? If so, why? If not, why not? • Contextualization: What was going on at the time that the source was created? How does that influence the message? That sounds about right…the Middle East is a pain in the royal… Not a lot of democracies there… To Change the Middle East Hey, I remember in World War I a lot of problems…. Wouldn’t the United States look powerful? Next Step: Find the Good Stuff! • This is the hard part. • This is what separates the experts from the novices. • There is a whole universe of information out there. But…. who/what actually knows what they are talking about? Here is “The Truth” about the Truth All informationtoo much! Stuff that might be useful A whole lot of b.s. The truth Specific Task • Write a single background paragraph with a hook. (Question, Quote or Anecdote/Story) • Concisely summarize the context surrounding the issue. Who, What, When, Where, Why, How? • Jot down your potential hypotheses with questions showing your skill at analysis for each of the causes.