1740 - 1748 Succession to the Austrian throne. • Emperor Charles IV died Maria Theresa. • King Frederick of Prussia took advantage of a woman on the throne and invaded Austrian Silesia. • France entered the war against Austria. • Maria Theresa allied with Great Britain. In Europe. • Prussia took Silesia. In the Far East. • France took Madras (Chennai) in India from the British. In North America. • British took French fort of Louisbourg at mouth of St. Lawrence River. New Allies • France abandoned Prussia and allied with Austria. • Russia saw Prussia as a threat and joined the alliance with France and Austria. • Britain allied with Prussia British Prussians Austrians Russians French Diplomatic revolution led to worldwide war --• Prussian army successful..at first. Attacked from three directions and worn down! Near disaster until Peter III, the Russian czar (who greatly admired Frederick II) withdrew Russian forces from the conflict. • War ended in 1763 Land returned Austria recognized Prussia’s control of Silesia. Great War for Empire Struggle continued between France and Britain in India. British won because they were more persistent. Treaty of Paris, 1763 • French withdrew from India. To the French • A trading area. (fur, fish, timber, leather). • Difficult for them to get people to move here. To the British • 13 prosperous colonies. • More populated. Water ways of the Gulf of the Saint Lawrence. (Near Quebec) Ohio River Valley • French began to move down from Canada and up from Louisiana and built forts in the Ohio River Valley. This was a threat to British expansion! The French gained the support of the Native Americans. • French were traders, not settlers. • Viewed by Natives with less hostility than the British. William Pitt, British Prime Minister • Put little into European wars while putting resources into the colonial war. (esp the Navy) French had more troops here but were destroyed at sea!