SBI 3U4U numerals and greek roots

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SBI 3U/4U
Name:____________________
Background info
More stuff you should know
Number Knowledge
Roman Numerals
What value does each represent: XII________ XLV__________ LXXI__________
How would you represent 516?_________ 1003?__________2500?___________
Numerical prefixes
uni-
novem-
mono-
ennea-
di-
deca-
bi-
cent-
tri-
milli-
tetra-
kilo-
quadr -
mega-
penta –
giga-
hex-
oligo-
sept-
poly-
octo-
multi-
Many root words in science are based on Greek and Latin terms. In fact, the “CH” sound is always
pronounced as a “K” because of the pronunciation of the Greek root words. (e.g. chemistry, technology,
archaeology, chromosome, chitin….)
Below are some prefixes (word beginnings) and that give added meaning to the root words.
prefix
an- or aanticircumcom- or condedisex- or exoendoheterohomohyperhypoim- or ininterintramicro macromismetanonprepropostresubsupertranstelo un-
meaning
not, deficient
against
around
together
from, away
away from, not
out of, used to be
in, in to
mixed, unlike
same, alike
above, beyond
below, under
not, into
between, in
among, out
very small
very large
wrong, not
middle
not
before
before, forward
after
again
under
better than
across
distance
not
example
abiotic, anerobic
antibiotic
circumference
conjugate
degrade
disassociate
exoskeleton, exothermic
endoskeleton, endocytosis
hetrogenous
homozygous
hyperactive
hypotonic
impermeable
intermembrane space
intravenous
microscope
macromolecule
missense mutation
metaphase
nonsense mutation
prenatal
procedure
posthumous
reproduce
subduction, subterranean
supercede
translocation
telephone, telomere, telophase
unknown
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