Name: _____________________________
Period: ________
Study Guide for Chp. 1: Organization of the Human Body Test.
I suggest that you work on this study guide throughout our studies on Chapter 1.
Chapter 1: Organization of the Human Body
I. Anatomy and Physiology Defined
1. Know the definitions of anatomy and physiology. Understand why they are different.
II. Levels of Organization and Body Systems
2. Know the six levels of organization of the human body and what each level of organization is
structurally composed of.
3. What is the highest level of structural organization?
4. Which level has recognizable shapes?
5. What is differentiation?
6. Know the four main types of tissues.
7. What three essential life functions do these structural organizations and body systems enable to
8. Know the definitions of an atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ system, and organism.
9. Know the main functions of all eleven body systems.
III. Life Processes
1. Know and be able to describe what the six important life processes for humans are.
2. Know what anabolic and catabolic reactions are.
3. Be able to define homeostasis and know why it is important.
4. What body systems are critical to maintaining homeostasis?
5. Be able to describe the components of feedback systems (receptors, control center, effectors).
6. Be able to differentiate between positive and negative feedback systems and give examples of
7. What is a controlled condition?
8. Explain the relationship between a human bodies’ ability to maintain homeostasis and disease.
9. Know the signs and symptoms of disease, be able to differentiate between the two.
IV. Aging and Homeostasis
V. Anatomical Terms
1. Be able to describe the anatomical position.
A. Names of Body Regions
1. Know the common names and anatomical terms (where applicable) for each of the five
major anatomical positions of the body.
2. Know all of the directional terminology.
B. Planes and Sections
1. Know the four imaginary planes that pass through the body.
2. Know the subdivisions of the sagittal plane.
3. Explain why descriptive anatomical positions are used.
VI. Body Cavities
A. Dorsal Body Cavity
1. Know the dorsal body cavity is.
B. Ventral Body Cavity
1. Know what the ventral body cavity is.
2. Know the three smaller cavities of the thoracic cavity.
C. Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants
1. Know about the abdominopelvic regions and the names of its nine regions.
2. Know by whom this method of region names for the abdominopelvic regions is used.
3. Know about the abdominopelvic quadrants and their names.
4. Know by whom this method of quadrant names for the abdominopelvic areas is used.
TEST IS ON _________...8TH PERIOD; _________…9TH PERIOD