Name: ____________________________ Chapter 2 Study Guide

Name: ____________________________
Chapter 2 Study Guide
Section 1: Identify the area or region where each health problem is occurring.
1. Carpal tunnel – _________________________________________________
2. Inguinal hernia - ________________________________________________
3. Plantar wart - __________________________________________________
4. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear - ______________________________
5. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear - _____________________________
6. Broken orbital socket - ___________________________________________
7. Sprained tarsal - ________________________________________________
8. Dislocated acromial - ____________________________________________
9. Bruised antecubital from blood being drawn - ________________________
10.Cervical whiplash - ___________________________________________________________
11.Fractured coxal - _______________________________________________
12.Otic infection - _________________________________________________
13.Sural raises - ___________________________________________________
14.Dislocated pollex - ______________________________________________
15.Cural splints - __________________________________________________
Section 2: Use the best directional term to describe the relationship between two
1. The popliteal is __________________ to the femoral.
2. The skin is _____________________ to the bones.
3. The frontal is ____________________ to the mental.
4. The heart is ______________________ to the lungs.
5. The liver is _______________________ to the skin.
6. The arms are ____________________ to the chest.
7. The sternum is _________________ to the heart.
8. The scapular is ___________________ to the abdominal.
9. The right lumbar is _________________ to the right iguinal (iliac).
10.The epigastric is ___________________ to the right and left hypochondriac
Section 3: Fill in the chart of the body cavities below:
A. Dorsal body cavity
1. Cranial cavity
2. ________________________
B. _____________ body cavity
1. Thoracic body cavity
a. Mediastinum
b. Pericardial
c. ________________
2. Abdominopelvic
a. _________________
b. Pelvic
Section 4: Miscellaneous
1. Which plane divides the body into right and left parts? _________________
2. A midsagittal section of a human organism would pass through what
organ? _________________
3. What is the structure that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic
cavities? ___________________________
4. An anatomical term that means the same as ventral? __________________
5. Which plane divides an organ to inferior and superior parts?
6. A person is lying on the grass gazing at the stars. He is in the
_____________ position.
7. Describe anatomical position.
8. Mary, who is 6 months pregnant, goes to her physician for a test to check
the development of her fetus. The physician uses a device that emits sound
waves to produce an image. What is the test? ________________________
9. Joey, had an injury to his knee while playing basketball. The orthopedic
wants to see if there is any internal damage. The imaging technique that
uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce views inside the body is
the ________________________________.
10.This type of scan uses x-rays to make detailed pictures of structures inside
the body. _________________________________
Section 5: Review of Chapter 1
1. This type of anatomy traces structural changes throughout life.
___________________ anatomy
2. A ______________ is a group of similar cells that have a common function.
3. In a homeostatic feedback mechanism when the response enhances the
initial stimulus, the mechanism is called a _______________ feedback
4. What are the two examples of positive feedback?
5. What are the five survival needs of the body?
6. Renal physiology is the study of the function of what organs? ___________
7. Histology would be defined as the study of what structure? _____________
8. Two or more atoms join together to form what organizational structures?
9. The third component of a homeostatic feedback loop is the
________________ which provides the means for the control center’s
response to the stimulus.
10.The circulation of blood throughout the body is an example of which
necessary life function? ____________________________________