AP WORLD HISTORY

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AP WORLD HISTORY

Common Usage Terms

K.M.H.S.

AP World History

Mrs. Farbacher

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

Incorporate the concepts and terms in this presentation throughout the course.

Relate them to each theme and/or topic.

Evaluate/describe:

Political systems= [How do they govern?]

Economic systems= [How do they make a living?]

Cultural systems= [Traditions, Gender roles, etc.?]

Biological systems= [Where do they live? Climate?

Environmental interactions?]

Key Comparisons

All key comparisons/contrasts must be:

Comprised of Venn Diagram

Include small map on the back if applicable

Continuity & Change

TRADITIONAL TENDENCIES WITHIN A SOCIETY

Continuities

:

Long-standing traditions within a society

Stay the same over time or are recurring

Example: Confucianism

Changes:

Traditions that are newly adopted

Identifies changes within society

Example: Adoption of Buddhism

TIME MEASURES

B.C.E.

Before Current/Common Era

All measured time before the year 0

C.E.

Current/Common Era

All measured time from year 0 to present

ALL DATES GIVEN ARE RELATIVE AND

COULD BE QUOTED DIFFERENTLY IN

OTHER SOURCES.

CENTURY DESIGNATES

Centuries are quoted thus:

1901 to 2001 = 20 th

Century

2001 to 2101 = 21 st

Century

Thus the years cited would be designated the later [next] “century”

Ex. 1492 = 15 th

Century

Ex. 1776 = 18 th

Century

CENTURY DESIGNATES

16

th

Century

– Spain

17

th

Century

– Dutch

18 th

Century

– France

19 th

Century

– Britain

20 th

Century

– America

21 st

Century - ?????

VERNACULAR

Terms / concepts in the common language of historians

.

Using the vernacular implies that you will use the appropriate terms identified throughout the course.

Doing this will get you points on the AP exam.

AND MY EXAMS!

OTHER ABBREVIATIONS

Million

M

Thousand

K

Billion

B

Hundred

C

Circa [Latin term]

c. [means around this time]

Casualty

Statistics:

KIA

Killed in action

MIA

Missing in action

WIA

Wounded in action

Used later in the course

LEGAL TERMS

Dejure`

[Latin term]

Means legal or legally recognized based in law.

Defacto

[Latin term]

Means in practice but not legally recognized or based in law.

LATIN TERMS

Ad hoc

Et al.

et cetera

Habeas corpus

INRI

Mare nostrum

Modus operandi

Pater Familias

Pax

Americana

Romana

Per annum

Per Capita

Per diem

Quid pro quo

Sic.

SPQR

Status quo

Terra incognita

Vae victis

Veni vidi vici

Veto

WORLD RELIGIONS

Polytheism

Belief in a pantheon of gods

[many].

Mesopotamia

Egypt

Greece

Rome

Hinduism

RELIGIONS

Monotheism

Belief in only one god.

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Buddhist epistemology does not support the existence of one or more gods.

SOCIETAL INFLUENCE

MATRIARCHAL

Early societies

Female deities

Female power base

MATRILINEAL

Inheritance through female

Parallel Descent: [Inheritance]

Boys from father

Girls from mother

PATRIARCHAL

s

Agricultural societies

Male power base

Male deities

PATRILINEAL

Inheritance through male

Two Important Terms

[Will be used throughout course]

SYNCRETISM

Degree to which

CULTURAL

IMPERIALISM one society

Degree to which adopts one society traditions of adopts another culture traditions of

Done by choice another culture not coercion

Done by coercion not choice

IS IT ORIGINAL OR A COPY?

INDEPENDENT

INVENTION

Innovation is new or original that

No outside influences involved.

CULTURAL

DIFFUSION

Innovation that is introduced from another group or civilization

Usually through trade or other interaction

.

Enduring Questions

You must be able to evaluate transregional cultural diffusion.

You must be able to identify the role of syncretization and cultural imperialism at work in that diffusion .

ALL EVENTS STUDIED MUST BE

ADDRESSED BY ANSWERING “WHY”.

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