Ch 3 student notes page - Gilbert Public Schools

OBJECTIVES: Chapter 3-1
Describe the functions of the family
Identify the basic needs of children and how parents meet those needs
Compare different types of family structures
List the stages of the family life cycle
Describe trends that affect families
List sources of support that are available to children
Identify ways people can help build strong families
Within every culture…
Each culture’s “family” is different
Families are…
What are some of the physical needs that families meet?
Besides physical needs, what other needs to families meet for us?
What social skills do we learn from our families?
Do families meet intellectual goals too?
Does the strength and support of the family impact how a child does in
Families teach children how to live in society
How do families go about teaching these values?
Families teach about their society’s unique way of life…
What are the different family structures?
What is a nuclear family?
What is a blended family?
What is a single-parent family?
What is an extended family?
For example…
How does a child “join” a family?
How do they match foster children with adoptive parents?
In the past…
Some children join a family as a “foster child.”
Read story about “Bree.” Do you know anyone who has foster parents?
What were his or her experiences like? How are they similar and
different from your own?
All families go through a life cycle with SIX STAGES.
Beginning Stage:
Parental Stage 1:
Parental Stage 2
Parental Stage 3
Middle Age
All families…
What is mobility?
How has the aging population affected families?
What “economic struggles” are affecting families?
How has the workplace changed over the years?
How has technology changed families?
Which trends do you think affect families the most?
Family life can be stressful! Who can you lean on for support?
What if you need professional help?
What does a “strong” family feel like?
What things do strong families do to keep close?
What are traditions?
Three types of traditions
Celebration Traditions
Family Traditions
Patterned Family Interactions
Why are traditions so important? They create a sense of…
How do we build strong families?
Summary- Look at the start of this section of notes and make sure that you can meet all of the
objectives. Summarize the answers to the objectives in the space below.
OBJECTIVES: Chapter 3-2
Identify the basic types of children’s needs
Describe the three parenting styles and some characteristics of each
Give examples of effective techniques for encouraging appropriate behavior
Explain how to set limits and why they are important
Identify ways of dealing with inappropriate behavior
Explain the importance of consistency when guiding children
It is important to meet the needs of children.
What happens to children whose needs are not met?
Is deprivation the same as poverty?
What physical needs do children have?
What emotional and social needs do children have?
When do children begin learning from their care givers?
What intellectual needs do children have?
One example of a way to intellectually nurture a child…
What is a parenting style?
Some tips…
What does the Authoritarian Style look like?
What does the Assertive-Democratic Style look like?
What does the Permissive Style look like?
Some parents use one style on some things and another style on others…
Parenting style used may change as the children age
What do you think is important when giving children effective directions?
Be a good role model
Set limits
Parents guide children in three basic ways:
Three questions to help parents determine limits:
How do you use Positive Reinforcement?
When you are dealing with inappropriate behavior and considering hwo to
respond, keep in mind:
What is negative reinforcement?
Natural Consequences
Logical Consequences
Loss of Priveleges
Time Out
How long should a time out last?
What are some poor disciplinary measures?