Latin Roots and Prefixes

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Latin in World Languages:
Romans conquered most of the lands around the
Mediterranean, and the longer Romans were
established, the more Latin affected local
languages. French, Spanish, Italian and
Portuguese were so strongly affected by the
language of Rome that they are called Romance
Languages. Understanding some Latin gives you
a huge vocabulary boost in English and in other
languages.
Roman Empire
40 prefixes to unlock 100,000 words (Some of these are Greek)
Use the charts on the back to help you build the meanings of these words.
Fill in the unshaded boxes below.
Prefix
Root
Definition of word
re
ject
pre
dict
ab
duct
re
vise
trans
port
re
pel
post
script
PS
re
tract
Take back something you said.
sub
tract
kidnap
Adapted from: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0907036.html
Prefix
Basic meaning
Example words
a-, ab-
away from, off, outside of,
opposite to
Abnormal, atypical, abdicate,
ben-
good, well
beneficence, benefit, benevolent, benign
circum-
around
Circumference, circulate, circumstances
co-, com
together
coauthor, coedit, coheir, community
de-
away, off; reversal or removal
deactivate, debone, defrost, decompress, deplane
dis-
not, not any
disbelief, discomfort, discredit, disrespect
inter-
between, among
international, interfaith, intertwine, intercellular,
mal-
bad
malicious, malignant, malady
non-
not
nonessential, nonviolence, nonskid, nonstop
post-
after
postdate, postwar, postnasal, postnatal
pre-
before
preconceive, preexist, premeditate, predispose,
re-
again; back, backward
rearrange, rebuild, recall, remake, rerun, rewrite
sub-
under
submarine, , subway, subhuman, substandard
super
above, beyond
Superior, supersede, superimpose, superhuman
trans-
across, beyond, through
transatlantic, transpolar
Latin root Basic meaning
Example words
-dict-
to say
contradict, dictate, diction, edict, predict
-duc-
to lead, bring, take
deduce, produce, reduce
-gress-
to walk
digress, progress, transgress
-ject-
to throw
eject, inject, interject, project, reject, subject
-pel-
to drive
compel, dispel, impel, repel
-pend-
to hang
append, depend, impend, pendant, pendulum
-port-
to carry
comport, deport, export, import, report, support
-scrib-, script-
to write
describe, description, prescribe, prescription,
subscribe, subscription, transcribe, transcription
-tract-
to pull, drag, draw
attract, contract,, extract, protract, retract, traction
-vert-
to turn
convert, divert, invert, revert
vid-. vis-
to see
video, vision,
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