Biological Molecules What is biochemistry??? Pertaining to life Biochemistry Proteins Carbohydrates Lipids The study of matter and the changes in matter Nucleic Acids Macromolecules Polymer: Very large molecule made from individual pieces Monomer AKA: Subunit • Hydrolysis: Breaks apart the polymer into monomers • Water needed to break the bond • Dehydration Synthesis: AKA: Polymerization • Links the monomers together to form the polymer • Produces water What do monomers look like? • Hydrocarbon: Molecule containing Hydrogen and Carbon Saturated Ethane Unsaturated Ethene Ethyne Molecular Structure CHAIN BRANCH RING Substituted Hydrocarbon • • • • Hydroxyl -OH Add –ol suffix to name Creates an alcohol Used to disinfect or as a fuel Methane Methanol Methane • Carboxyl Group -COOH • Creates a carboxylic acid or organic acid • Found in citrus fruits, vinegar (ethanoic acid) Methanoic Acid Methane • Amine -NH2 • Includes novocaine, painkiller Methylamine Carbohydrates Monomer: Polymer: Functions: - ?? - ?? Proteins Monomer: Amino Acid Polymer Functions: - ?? - ?? - ?? Lipids Subunit (Monomer): fatty acids glycerol Polymers: Functions: - ?? - ?? - ?? - ?? Nucleic Acids Monomer: Nucleotide Polymers: Functions: - ?? - ?? Group Project- Make a Biological Molecule • Build a biological molecule to hang from the ceiling. • Include all major structures. • Sketch out model before building. • Be creative!!!