World War I and Russian Revolutions Study Guide

World War I and Russian Revolutions Study Guide
1. Militarism: Policy of nations to build up armies and navies
2. Triple Alliance: Prewar alliance of Great Britain, France and Russia
3. Triple Entent: Prewar alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
4. The Black Hand: Serbian nationalist group that killed the Archduke
5. Archduke Francis Ferdinand: Heir to Austria-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo
6. The Schlieffen Plan: German attack plan to invade France by marching through neutral Belgium
7. Trench System: System of two or more parallel trenches
8. Trench Foot: Fungal infection caused by conditions in trenches
9. Stalemate: Inability of either side to gain much territory
10. Propaganda: Techniques used to influence public opinion
11. Blockade: Denial of goods or people from entering or leaving
12. U-Boat: Name given to German submarines
13. Armistice: Temporary ceasefire to allow for peace negotiations
14. Fourteen Points: President Wilson’s outline for peace after WWI
Russia was pulled into the original conflict between Serbia and the Austria-Hungarian Empire because of their alliance
with Serbia.
The countries that made up the Central Powers in WWI were The Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Germany and
The countries that made up the Allies during WWI were Great Britain, France, Russia and the United States.
The Lusitania was a British ocean liner that was sunk by a German U-boat
The Battle of The Somme took place along the Western Front during WWI and is considered the “bloodiest” battle.
The machine gun changed the way wars were fought forever.
The area between opposing front line trenches was called No Man’s Land.
The Zimmermann Note was a Telegram sent to Mexico by Germany asking for their assistance if Germany were to go to
war with the United States.
The United States’ entry into the war helped bring about its end because the US provided fresh fighting troops and
endless resources.
The main purpose of aircraft during WWI was to spy on the other side.
The Treaty of Versailles ended WWI.
The League of Nations was a new organization created at the end of WWI.
The punishments given to Germany after WWI were that Germany had to accept guilt for starting the war, Germany was
forced to largely reduce the size of their armed forces, and Germany had to pay reparations to the countries they had
28. The message of the above piece of American Propaganda was for America to wake up and see what was going on in the
world and get behind the war effort.
29. The main leader of the Russian Revolution was Vladimir Lenin.
30. One of the slogans used during the Russian Revolution was “Peace, Land, Bread”.
31. The Treaty of Bret-Litvosk was a treaty signed between Germany and Russia officially pulling the Russians out of WWI.
32. The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia after the second revolution of 1917.
33. The main promise of the Bolsheviks when they came to power was to take Russia out of WWI.