World War I and Russian Revolutions Study Guide 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 1. Militarism: Policy of nations to build up armies and navies 2. Triple Alliance: Prewar alliance of Great Britain, France and Russia 3. Triple Entent: Prewar alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy 4. The Black Hand: Serbian nationalist group that killed the Archduke 5. Archduke Francis Ferdinand: Heir to Austria-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo 6. The Schlieffen Plan: German attack plan to invade France by marching through neutral Belgium 7. Trench System: System of two or more parallel trenches 8. Trench Foot: Fungal infection caused by conditions in trenches 9. Stalemate: Inability of either side to gain much territory 10. Propaganda: Techniques used to influence public opinion 11. Blockade: Denial of goods or people from entering or leaving 12. U-Boat: Name given to German submarines 13. Armistice: Temporary ceasefire to allow for peace negotiations 14. Fourteen Points: President Wilson’s outline for peace after WWI Russia was pulled into the original conflict between Serbia and the Austria-Hungarian Empire because of their alliance with Serbia. The countries that made up the Central Powers in WWI were The Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Germany and Bulgaria. The countries that made up the Allies during WWI were Great Britain, France, Russia and the United States. The Lusitania was a British ocean liner that was sunk by a German U-boat The Battle of The Somme took place along the Western Front during WWI and is considered the “bloodiest” battle. The machine gun changed the way wars were fought forever. The area between opposing front line trenches was called No Man’s Land. The Zimmermann Note was a Telegram sent to Mexico by Germany asking for their assistance if Germany were to go to war with the United States. The United States’ entry into the war helped bring about its end because the US provided fresh fighting troops and endless resources. The main purpose of aircraft during WWI was to spy on the other side. The Treaty of Versailles ended WWI. The League of Nations was a new organization created at the end of WWI. The punishments given to Germany after WWI were that Germany had to accept guilt for starting the war, Germany was forced to largely reduce the size of their armed forces, and Germany had to pay reparations to the countries they had invaded. 28. The message of the above piece of American Propaganda was for America to wake up and see what was going on in the world and get behind the war effort. 29. The main leader of the Russian Revolution was Vladimir Lenin. 30. One of the slogans used during the Russian Revolution was “Peace, Land, Bread”. 31. The Treaty of Bret-Litvosk was a treaty signed between Germany and Russia officially pulling the Russians out of WWI. 32. The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia after the second revolution of 1917. 33. The main promise of the Bolsheviks when they came to power was to take Russia out of WWI.