By Liz Homick, Nick Kokotakis, Tommy Lamb, Dani LeBlanc, Aaron Leonard G3 Group 2 DANTE GeoPolit ical Map Of India Map of India • • • • Indian Subcontinent coastline Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean 4 regions: Northern Mountain Zone [Himalayas]; IndoGangetic Plain; desert region; southern region Rivers • Ganges Introduction to Indus Valley Civilization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6QJ09TGy9kc Indus Valley Civilization Harappan Civilization • • • • • • Oldest and most mysterious civilization Along Indus River Valley River as way of life Urban society Structure and architecture for river valley Decline of Harappan Civilization The Grand Bath Harappan Civilization Part of urban architecture Bricked well/pool as public bath Largest public building/facility in cities Rituals/baptism Indus Script symbols on square soapstone seals #1 distinctive trait of Harappa Mark ownership on goods/property as identity badges Undeciphered still Bull = #1 recognizable symbol •Power, pride, virility Aryans • Upper Ganges River Valley civilizations • Originally Indo-Iranians • Migration • Nomadic, pastoral lifestyle • Farming civilization • Cattle, horses, and warfare • Ritual sacrifice and hymns to Agri and Surya The Ganges • Sacred waters of Ganges • • • Spiritual and physical healing All aspects of life Center of economic, social, and cultural lives • Ma Ganga • • • Delivered river to Earth Power to create, preserve, destroy, recreate Bathing/drinking = Purification and spiritual salvation Rig - Veda Aryans’ collection of hymns Oldest source of their history, origins, and culture Sacred text for Aryans and later modern Hindu religion To Vedic gods Sanskrit language Evidence of religion Citations Barter, James. The Ganges. San Diego: Lucent, 2003. Print. "Crash Course (World History) Thought Bubble #2: The Indus Valley Civilization." YouTube. Thought Cafe, 17 June 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6QJ09TGy9kc>. Cristian Violatti. “The Vedas,” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 18, 2013. http://www.ancient.eu /The_Vedas/. Citation "India". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Oct. 2015 <http://www.britannica.com/place/India/History>. Kurian, George Thomas, ed. "India: Geographical Features." World Geography and Culture Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 20 Oct. 2015. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE39&Geograp hy.aspx&iPin= M0019791&SingleRecord=True>. Matthews, Alfred Warren. World Religions. Australia: Wadsworth/Thomson, 2007. Print. Citation "Indus Valley Civilization: Crash Course World History #2." YouTube. CrashCourse, 2 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 Oct. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7ndRwqJYDM>. Ram-Prasad, Chakravarthi. Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of India. New York: Rosen, 2010. Print. Walsh, Judith E. A Brief History of India. New York: Checkmark, 2011. Print.