10 December 2013 ~Fill out your planners~ Pass out New India Packets Bellringer – India is a river valley civilization. What can you assume knowing this? India Targets for unit Geography of Ancient India & First People HW: Read pages 124 – 129 and do Magnet Notes • Complete Sentences are expected Ancient India Geography and Early Cultures PowerPoint Packet pages 2 & 3 India is so large that it is considered to be a subcontinent. What is a subcontinent? A large landmass that is smaller than a continent. Scientists believe that India crashed into modern day Asia when ____Pangea________ broke up millions of years ago. India’s Mountains and Landforms What mountain range runs along the Northeast border of Modern India? The Himalayan Mountains What mountain range runs along the Northwest border of Modern India? The Hindu Kush What landforms cover most of India? Fertile plains and Plateaus More information: What River Valley did Indian civilization originate from? The Indus River Valley When heavy snows in the Himalayas melted, the Indus River would flood leaving behind a layer of silt. This is just like the flooding in Mesopotamia and Egypt. What kind of climate does India experience? Hot and Humid India’s First Cities The first Indian civilization was called the Harappan 2 major cities were: Mohenjo Doro and Harappa They were well planned! Examples: • Stood near a towering fortress (defenders could look down on the cities streets from these fortresses) • Brick Streets • Streets crossed at right angles • Many public wells The Aryans They (Harappan) were conquered by the Aryans. At first the Aryans were nomads that took control of the river valley. What caused them to create permanent settlements? • FARMING At first the Aryan settlers did NOT read or write. The important poems and hymns in Aryan culture had to be memorized. They were called the Vedas. Eventually Sanskrit records were written down. The most important language of Ancient India was Sanskrit.