UBD Lesson Plan Template Lesson Title: Introduction to Accounting Prior knowledge needed for lesson: Educator should understand the concepts of accounting. He or she should be able to understand/comprehend critical accounting terms, their use in accounting, and their definitions in order to properly teach an introduction class on accounting and accounting vocabulary. CSOs and ELTS/21st Century Skills to be addressed in this lesson: (include all applicable) 1401.1.1 Define the purpose of accounting and the role it plays in our economy. 1401.1.2 Use appropriate accounting terminology. 1. LESSON DESIRED RESULTS (Key concepts that support students in coming to understand the lesson enduring understandings.) 1. Students should be able to correctly define each accounting term presented to them through this lesson. 2. Students should be able to apply the same accounting terms to real-life scenarios through examples, demonstrations, and visual representation. Essential Questions for Lesson 1. What is accounting? 2. What are the main elements of accounting? 3. How are these main elements of accounting applied to real life (through examples)? 4. How do these accounting terms/principles affect your life? Lesson Knowledge and Skills (Identify vocabulary and skills addressed in this lesson that support understanding of the concept) The students/participants will know… The following definitions: Account -- a record of financial transactions; usually refers to a specific category or type, such as travel expense account or purchase account. Accountant -- a person who trained to prepare and maintain financial records. Accounting -- a system for keeping score in business, using dollars. Accounting period -- the period of time over which profits are calculated. Normal accounting periods are months, quarters, and years (fiscal or calendar). Accounts payable -- amounts owed by the company for the goods or services it has purchased from outside suppliers. Accounts receivable -- amounts owed to the company by its customers. Assets -- things of value owned by a business. An asset may be a physical property such as a building, or an object such as a stock certificate, or it may be a right, such as the right to use a patented process. Balance sheet -- a statement of the financial position of a company at a single specific time (often at the close of business on the last day of the month, quarter, or year.) Bond -- a written record of a debt payable more than a year in the future. The bond shows amount of the debt, due date, and interest rate. Cash -- money available to spend now. Usually in a checking account. Cash flow -- the amount of actual cash generated by business operations, which usually differs from profits shown. Chart of accounts -- a listing of all the accounts or categories into which business transactions will be classified and recorded. Each account usually has a number. Transactions are coded by this number for manipulation on computers. Credit -- an accounting entry on the right or bottom of a balance sheet. Usually an increase in liabilities or capital, or a reduction in assets. The opposite of credit is debit. Each credit in a balance sheet has a balancing debit. Credit has other usages, as in "You have to pay cash, your credit is no good." Or "we will credit your account with the refund." Debit -- an accounting entry on the left or top of a balance sheet. Usually an increase in assets or a reduction in liabilities. Every debit has a balancing credit. Dividend -- a portion of the after-tax profits paid out to the owners of a business as a return on their investment. Equity -- the owners' share of a business. Fixed cost -- a cost that does not change as sales volume changes (in the short run.) Fixed costs normally include such items as rent, depreciation, interest, and any salaries unaffected by ups and downs in sales. Invested capital -- the total of a company's long-term debt and equity. Journal -- a chronological record of business transactions. Ledger -- a record of business transactions kept by type or account. Journal entries are usually transferred to ledgers. Liabilities -- amounts owed by a company to others. The students/ participants will be able to… 1. Students should be able to properly define each accounting vocabulary term presented to them through this lesson. 2. Students should be able to apply these same terms to real-life examples and influences of accounting. 2. ASSESSMENT/EVIDENCE of lesson desired results (formative and/or summative) Evidence/Criteria for Assessment tools and methods Success Completion of Vocabulary Squres Group Discussion Informal Observation Group Work Activity Class Participation Informal Observation Vocabulary Squares Worksheet 3. PROCESS Lesson Introduction (hook): To begin class, we will show this short video on the importance of Accounting in today’s business world. URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSranciXOvs Or URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6vS1edTsV8 (I’m going to have to look for some better videos.. I don’t think these are the best we can find) Activity Procedures: (e.g. Identify the ways you will provide students with information, the opportunity for practice and application.) Activity 1: For the beginning of this lesson, we will conduct a guided discussion with the students on different accounting vocabulary words and their relevance. Throughout discussion, we will take each word mentioned and apply that term, its definition, an example, and a visual representation to a vocabulary square set aside for each term. Educators will keep their own notes from the discussion on a Smart Board notepad so the students will have no trouble following along with discussion. This will also ensure better understanding of what a “Vocabulary Square” is and how it can be applied to accounting terms. Activity 2: Following class discussion, students will break off into groups of 2-3 and complete the list remainder of vocabulary terms given, each completed with its own vocabulary square. Educators will roam around the room completing informal observations, assisting and answering questions when needed, and keeping students on task and learning throughout the activity. Lesson Closure/Summary: As a wrap up to the day’s lesson, students will be asked to write and informative 1 page paper on accounting. They are required to use at least 8 of the accounting terms described in the day’s lesson and elaborate on their purpose, use, and function in accounting. Materials: Smart Board Paper, Pencil Vocabulary List Vocabulary Square Handout Sheet Video (and components –tv, computer, SmartBoard) Resources: Glencoe Accounting Essentials Textbook 4. INDIVIDUAL ACCOMMODATIONS Extra support Enrichment or early finishers Various learning styles Limited English proficiency 5. TEACHER REFLECTION • Were my students talking about the subject, or was I doing all of the talking and students were just listening to me? • Were my students engaged at the beginning of the lesson? • How much time did I spend reviewing homework, and how much time did I spend on new material? • Did the students respond to “How” and “Why” questions? • Did my students have an opportunity to discuss and/or write about the topic? • What changes would I make next time the lesson is taught? • What steps do I need to take next in this topic?