History of Physical Education Classes From Ancient Times to Today’s Times the *History of Physical Education Presented By: Samika Thompson The Origin Of Physical Education • Physical Education comes from the Latin words of “physica”, and “educatio” • “physica” is otherwise known as physics • “educatio” is the training of bodily organs and powers with a view to the promotion of health and vigor Founders Greeks • Physical Education was first introduced by them around 700 • B.C. The Greeks main idea for physical Education consisted of running, jumping, and wrestling in their gymnasium facilities. Ancient Romans • • The Ancient Romans main idea for Physical Education pertained to their soldiers physically preparing for battle. The Roman soldiers would practice swimming, running, jumping and throwing the discus and javelin. Germans, Sweden, United Kingdom • In the 1800’s Germany, Sweden were among the first to be introduced to Physical Education programs, that were included in their schools. Individual Pioneers • Charles Beck- of Germany, became the first official “Physical Education Teacher in the United States” in the year of 1825. • Dudley Allen Sargent- was responsible for inventing over 80 different fitness machines, that consisted of pulleys and weights. Sargent without a doubt provided a great deal of influence on the various fitness machines that we use today. • Johann Pestalozzi- is considered to be the inventor of “free arm exercises” or what is known today as “calisthenics.” •Catherine Esther Beecher- was the first woman to be recognized as having established any form of Physical Education for women. In 1823, she had developed a seminary in Hartford, Connecticut for teaching “calisthenics” or “light exercises” to girls. Clothing History Uniforms were very important throughout the History of Physical Education. Women had to wear something similar to a sailor’s uniform -They wore dark uniforms in Winter Classes. -They wore white uniforms in Summer Classes. Men did not have any restrictions on how they dressed in their Physical Education Classes. They could wear sweat pants during Winter Classes and swimsuits in the Summer Classes. Today Uniforms for the most are non existing in the Physical Education Classes of Today. Males and Females are allowed to dress the same in a matter of speaking. They can now wear jogging pants, sweat shirts, tshirts, tennis shoes, shorts, and swimming suits. All students now have the opportunity to wear similar clothing in Physical Education Classes. However, some Physical Education classes do adopt a uniform policy in their schools but it includes both genders. Laws Title IX Law Title IX is a law that bans any sexual discrimination in schools for academics and athletics in any federally funded schools. This law brought about a lot of changes for women period, not just for women in Physical Education. Women were now allowed to participate in some of the many physical activities that were not deemed for men only. Women could now play basketball, softball or any other activity, as opposed to just being limited to participation in gymnastics or swimming. Games History Today • Games use to consist of black or white. -Students were either playing games that were related to relay racing, or on teams playing competitive sports games. -Students would also play games involving tag, were one person was the “tagger” and the rest would run to avoid being tapped. • The games were fairly simple and basically the students’ main objective was to have fun, not learn information in the process. • Games now involve various amounts of cross curricular learning. -Teachers are now attempting to incorporate the various course subjects that students are learning in their classes, into being game material. -Games that involve competition between students are now being eliminated in the lower level grades. • Games are now involving a lot of cooperation with students in groups and core curriculum implementation. Citations • • • World Book Encyclopedia 2002, World Book, Inc. Chicago, Ill. Website http://schools.eastnet.ecu.edu/pitt/ayden/hist/history.html# Hoeger, Werner W.K. and Sharon A.; Fitness and Wellness: Fifth Edition. Wadsworth. Copyright 2002, United States.