Evolution Review Sheet 2011 1. The 17th Century belief that living things could arise from nonliving things is called _________________ _______________________. 2. Who experimented with raw meat in open and covered jars? 3. What was his conclusion regarding his experiment? 4. Who used a curved neck flask to challenge the idea of question #1? 5. What was his conclusion regarding his experiment? 6. Describe the atmosphere of early Earth. 7. What did Miller and Urey conclude from their experiment? 8. ______________________________ formed from large organic molecules with a selectively permeable membrane and probably gave rise to the first cells. 9. The oldest fossil found to date is that of a __________________________. 10. How did oxygen become part of the atmospheric gases? 11. How did the rise of oxygen affect life on Earth? 12. Explain the Endosymbiotic Theory. 13. The first evidence of Evolution is found in ___________________________ which are the remains of once living things. 14. _________________________________ is the time it takes for one-half of a given quantity of a radioisotope to decay & provides evidence of Evolution 15. The Third evidence of Evolution is _______________________ ______________________. 16. Body parts that are similar in structure & provide evidence of a common ancestor are __________________________ structures. 17. An examples of #16 is _________________________. 18. Parts of the body that are similar in function but not in structure are ____________________ and do not show a common origin. 19. An examples of #18 is __________________________________. 20. ________________________________ structures are body parts that no longer function but do indicate an common origin. 21. An Examples of #20 is ______________________________. 22. The Fourth Evidence of Evolution is ______________________ ________________________, showing a similar pattern of development. 23. __________________ _____________________ has a Theory of Evolution he called ________________________ ________________________. 24. Was his (#23) theory solid? Why or Why not? 25. _______________________ _______________________ was a Naturalist that worked on the SSS Beagle. 26. He is known for his Theory of Evolution, ____________________________________________, 27. What does his (#25) theory state? 28. What islands did he do most of his research on? 29. He (#25) study ______________________ on this island and found that each species was very similar in structure but had a specialized ____________________________ that suited the food supply. 30. What are the Four Ideas that lead to t he Theory of Natural Selection? 31. What are the Four Patterns of Evolution? 32. Explain Relative Frequency. 33. What are the 6 things that lead to Genetic Variation? 34. _________________________________ are scientists that study fossils. 35. The _______________________ records provides evidence about the history of life on Earth. 36. How are fossils formed & what are the four things that help us interpret Fossil Evidence?