Mr. Udell American Government Review Sheet—Test 1 Terms Common goods Tragedy of the commons Free Rider Politics Government John Locke Scientific Revolution Enlightenment Rousseau Hobbes Natural rights State of Nature Social Contract Right to revolution Unitary system Confederal system Federal system Federalists Antifederalists Bill of rights Separation of powers Checks and balances Federalism (division of power) Executive branch Legislative branch Judicial branch National supremacy Delegated powers Reserved powers Override Amendment Law “Living document” Elastic clause Concepts and Essay Questions 1. What is the purpose of government (two reasons)? What are government and politics? 2. Explain John Locke’s natural rights philosophy. In what ways were Hobbes and Rousseau similar too Locke and how did they differ? 3. Why did the colonists make such a weak government as the Articles of Confederation? What were some of its problems? 4. What were the arguments for and against the Constitution? 5. What precautions did the Founders take to prevent abuse of power? Give specific examples of the separation of powers, checks and balances and federalism (powers of the branches, checks, delegated and reserved powers). 6. Madison once said, "Wherever the real power in a government lies, there is the danger of oppression. In our Government the real power lies in the majority of the community." How does the Constitution reflect his concern? 7. What is the difference between a law and the Constitution? How can we change the constitution? Why is the process pass an amendment made so much more difficult than the process of passing a law? What does it mean to have informal change to the Constitution?