Name: ________________________________ Date: _____________________________ The Age of Absolutism, Scientific Revolution, and Enlightenment Unit Test Use the list of terms and ideas to help you review for your test. Crisis in Europe - Why was there much instability in Europe? - How did this lead to the emergence of strong, absolutist leaders? Absolutism - Definition of Absolutism - Definition of Divine Right of Kings - Explain how the following things allowed Louis XIV and Peter the Great to establish and maintain power: o Created Courts at Versailles o Eliminated opposition o Strong army o Controlled all affairs/policies Scientific Revolution - Definition - How did people get their information about the world prior to the Scientific Revolution? - What is the Ptolemaic system? Explain the changes made by Kepler, Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton to the understanding of the universe. Age of Enlightenment - Definition - How did Salons and reading help spread ideas? - What is a philosopher? - Explain ideas of the following people: i. Montesquieu iv. Wollstonecraft ii. Locke v. Hobbes iii. Rousseau vi. Voltaire Enlightened Absolutism - Definition - Explain the policies of an enlightened ruler. - Why did enlightened absolutism often not work?