Name ___________________________ World History II – CP CM #1 – FK Study Guide # 1 WORLD HISTORY II - CP STUDY GUIDE: ABSOLUTISM & ENLIGHTENMENT Be able to match with a definition or identification: absolute monarchy divine right Louis XIV Versailles limited monarchy Parliament Puritans Charles I Oliver Cromwell William of Orange (William & Mary) social contract salons Frederick the Great Be able to answer multiple choice questions about the following: How absolute monarchs gained & kept power What life was like at Versailles English Civil War Why it happened Who fought The result (what happened to the king) Glorious Revolution – how it changed England’s government English Bill of Rights – main idea Basic beliefs of Enlightenment thinkers Ideas about human nature and how government should work by: Thomas Hobbes John Locke Baron de Montesquieu Jean-Jacques Rousseau What a “laissez-faire” approach to the economy is How the Enlightenment affected most common people (peasants) What “enlightened absolutism” is The types of policies “enlightened despots” followed Why/how reforms by enlightened despots were limited Be able to identify ideas from before and after the Enlightenment (see your chart on Enlightenment Thought!) SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (You must answer BOTH) 1. Explain how and why 17th century England and France provide examples of different types of monarchy. 2. Compare and contrast the ideas of Hobbes and Locke regarding human nature and society/government.