Unit 1 Test Review Guide

Name: __________________
Research Biology: Unit 1 Intro to Biology - Test Review
**10 Vocabulary Flash Cards are due test day!!
This test will cover: The Scientific Method, Characteristics of Life, Viruses, and
Classification. This information can be found in your notes or in Chapters 1, 18, and 193 of your textbook.
The following questions provide an idea of the subject matter that will be covered. Just
because something isn’t listed does not mean that it will not be on the test.
1. The independent variable in an experiment is –
2. The dependent variable in an experiment is –
3. What is a hypothesis?
4. What is a conclusion?
5. What are constants in an experiment?
6. The characteristics or features that distinguish a living thing from a non-living thing:
a. Living things are made up of one or more _______.
b. Living things __________________ to stimuli in their environment.
c. Living things can ______________ (get bigger over time)
d. Living things can ______________________, creating another generation of
e. All living things are built and run according to instructions in the __ __ __.
f. All organisms need ____________ to run the reactions in their cells, keeping
them alive.
g. The inside conditions in an organism are maintained at a fairly constant level.
This is called _____________.
h. Species can ________________ or change over time.
7. Create a Bar Graph from the following data table: Bite Pressure Data Table
Type of animal
Depend. Var. on y-axis
Independ. Var. on x-axis
Great White Shark
Average Bite Pressure in
Be sure to label both
the x and the y axis!!
8. List six characteristics of viruses are (I gave you 7 or 8):
9. Viruses are made of ______________ material surrounded by a ___________
10. List 8 diseases that are caused by viruses:
11. List some ways in which viral diseases can be transmitted amongst people.
12. How is the treatment for a bacterial infection different from that of a viral
13. Compare AND contrast the work of Edward Jenner to that of Jonas Salk.
14. How does a vaccine work?
15. Why is it more difficult to make a vaccine for RNA viruses than DNA viruses?
16. The two types of viral life cycles are the _____________ cycle and the
____________ cycle. You should be familiar with both of these cycles!
17. Which of the two viral cycles leads to a rapid cell death? ___________
18. Which of the two viral cycles has a dormant period? ___________
19. What is a dichotomous key? (You will need to know how to use one)
20. The father of modern classification is _______________ ________________
21. The classification system from largest to smallest is:
__________ _________ _________ __________ __________ __________
22. What are some of the reasons for using Latin with classification?
23. What is binomial nomenclature?
24. A ____________ is a group of organisms that can breed and produce fertile
25. Who was Francesco Redi and what did he do?
26. What is spontaneous generation?
27. Measure the line below in cm and mm.
How many mm in one centimeter? _____
28. Convert these measurements:
9 cm = ________mm
How many cm in one meter? ________
20 mm = __________cm
500 mL = ______ L
4 mm =_________cm
24mL = ______ L 6 L= _______mL
29. How much liquid is in the
graduated cylinder?
30. How many mL in one liter?