World History Final Review Sheet _________________________ opened Japan to Western trade and influence in 1853. The Prince, written by _________________________ was a book about politics during the Renaissance. An ______________________ is a government which is ruled by a few. The practice by which secular rulers chose church officials and gave them the symbols of their office is called ______________________________________. The Vikings were made part of the European civilization by the _________________________ who settled and converted them to Christianity. The slaughter of European civilians, including European Jews, by the Nazis is called __________________. The chief reasons for European exploration is ____________, _____________________, and ___________. The _____________________________ is the period of political tension following WWII. Mao Zedong was convinced that a Chinese revolution would be driven by _________________________ __________________________________. Mohandas Gandhi protested British laws by practicing ______________________________________. The Tokugawa dynasty was responsible for the Great Peace, which was a time period the _______________ became the managers of the lands of the ____________________________. ______________________ led Muslim forces to retake Jerusalem from the crusaders. Lutheranism and Calvinism agreed on most doctrines except _______________________________. Otto von Bismarck and Emperor Meiji used ________________________________ to unify their respective countries. The _________________________________ was signed after WWI and thought by many Germans to be too harsh. The ____________________________ was designed to restore the economic stability of European nations after WWII. According to Islamic belief, Muhammad is _________________________________________. The Zhou dynasty ruled China because it claimed to have the _____________________________________. The samurai lived by the strict code, Bushido, which was based on _____________________ to the samurai’s lord. The immediate cause that triggered WWI was the _______________________________________________ ________________________________________. _______________________________ is the code of ethics that knights were supposed to uphold. The Aztecs practiced human sacrifice in order to delay the ________________________________________ _____________________________________. The Bay of Pigs refers to the ________________ attempt to overthrow the ____________________________. Napoleon’s rise to power succeeded because he restored order after the _______________________________. The belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples is called ___________ _________________________________________________. Voltaire and other philosophes believed that the universe was ________________________________. Suyleyman the Magnificent received his name because he unified _______________________________ under the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Serfs were different from peasants in that serfs were ___________________________ to the land upon which they worked and lived. Under the leadership of __________________________ the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution. Copernicus, Galileo and Newton influenced the ___________________________________ during the Enlightenment. It was through the Muslim world that Europeans were able to rediscover the works of ______________________________________. ___________________________ is remembered for his law code. The Imperialistic policies of England, France and Japan all relied on the _________________________, ________________________________, and _________________________ domination over the local people. WWI was a _____________ war. Homer’s two epic poems were ______________________ and _________________________. ____________________ was the first Protestant faith. The Truman doctrine stated that the U.S. would provide __________________ to nations threatened by Communist expansion. The Phoenician alphabet was the basis for the ________________________________. The Warsaw Pact sought to create a military alliance between the ___________________________ and various _____________________________________________. Merchants and artisans living in walled cities came to be called _____________________________. The Silk Road was the _________________ between the Roman Empire and China. In 1206 Temujin was elected Genghis Khan after which he ______________________________________. The Inquisition was the court created by the Catholic Church to _____________________________________. Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire became known as the _____________________________ in WWI. The most important gift a lord could give a vassal was _________________________. Leonardo da Vinci was a __________________, ________________, ________________ and _____________. Farming in ancient Mesopotamia resulted in an abundance of food which enabled __________________________________. In Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s concept of a social contract the entire society agrees to be governed by its _______________________________________. The ________________________ brought by the Crusaders to Europe allowed for easier ocean navigation. Emperor Kangxi and the ________________ dynasty were tolerant of other religions, including Christianity. The Black Death killed 38 million people, resulting in severe __________________________________. At the Yalta Conference the Allies agreed to the establishment of the _________________________________. On Dec. 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked __________________________________. The greatest period of peace and stability within the Roman Empire is known as the _____________________. The use of ____________________________________ caused the U.S. to join the Allies in WWI. The Berlin Wall was built in order to prevent East Germans from defecting to __________________________. As a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Great Britain gained control of _________________ and __________ ___________________. The Mogul Empire was stretched to its farthest boundaries by ______________________. Under Shah Abbas the Safavid dynasty reached its ____________________________. John Hay proposed the __________________________ policy for China. Judaism differed from other religions of the time because it was ___________________________ while others were __________________________. The first written governmental document of the U.S. was the __________________________________. Sputnik I made Americans fear that the __________________ was ahead of the U.S. in the production of missiles. The name for the journey of slaves from Africa to America was called ______________________________. Literature written in the language of everyday speech is called _____________________________________. John Locke suggests that people were molded by their ___________________________. The _________________ made Japan one of the major political powers of the world. The rise of ___________________ and the use _____________________ were common to the Industrial Revolutions of Germany, England and Japan. The publication of Martin Luther’s 95 Thesis attacked the _________________________________. Christian humanists believed that if people read the basic works of ________________________ they would become more pious. Two days after Hitler’s invasion of ________________________, Britain and France declared war on Germany. The Magna Carta was a document that was used to limit the power of the ________________________. The Ottoman’s expanded their control in the fourteenth century, taking over the _____________________ and the _________________________________. Vasco de Gama’s discovery of a route to India by sea proved to be very _________________________. The Aztec accepted the Spanish because they took the __________________________ of the Spanish to be a sign from Quetzalcoatl that was returning. The Russian word perestroika describes the reform of Gorbachev meaning ________________________. The revolutions of England, U.S., France and Haiti all were consequences of exploration of rulers through the idea of __________________________. ______________________________ went to his grave believed he had discovered a new passage to Asia, instead he had discovered the Americas. The Safavid rulers supported the Shiites because they believed that Shah Ismail was the successor to the prophet ________________________________. The conquests of Alexander the Great created the _________________________________. The purpose of Stalin’s 5 year plan was the transform the USSR economy from _______________________ to __________________________.