Kingdom Plantae Unit Three Major Vocabulary: Plantae, multicellular, eukaryote, autotroph, photosynthesis, vacuole, nucleus, chloroplast, cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, chlorophyll, cellulose, cuticle, fertilization, gametes, gametophyte, sporophyte, zygote, rhizoid, spores, vascular tissue, xylem, phloem, frond, bog, peat, seed, embryo, cotyledon, seed coat, stomata, germination, cambium, bark, heartwood, sapwood, pith, root cap, root hairs, pollen, pollination, ovule, petal, sepal, stamen, pistil, anther, ovary, stigma, style, fruit, flower, monocot, dicot, phototropism, thigmotropism, gravitropism. Major Concepts and Skills: 1. List the major characteristics of organisms classified within Kingdom Plantae. 2. Identify the major structures of a plant cell on a diagram and describe each of their functions. 3. Describe the process of photosynthesis and identify the chemical equation. 4. Describe the major characteristics of non-vascular plants (mosses, liverworts, hornworts). 5. Identify the layers of a bog and describe how a bog forms over time. 6. Research the famous “bog people” mummies of Europe and explain the process by which they were preserved. 7. Describe the major characteristics of the seedless vascular plants (ferns, club mosses and horsetails). 8. Differentiate between non-vascular and vascular plants. 9. Differentiate between seedless and seed plants. 10. Identify the structures of a seed and describe each of their functions. 11. Describe the various mechanisms by which seeds are actively and passively dispersed. 12. Identify the layers of a leaf and describe the function of each structure. 13. Identify the structures of a stem and describe each of their functions. 14. Differentiate between herbaceous and woody stems. 15. Determine the age of a tree by analyzing a cross-section of its trunk. 16. Identify the structures of a root and describe each of their functions. 17. Differentiate between fibrous and tap roots. 18. Identify the species of a leaf by using common classification terms to describe its division, edge pattern, vein pattern, base shape, and overall shape. 19. Describe how gymnosperms reproduce using cones. 20. Describe how angiosperms reproduce using flowers and fruits. 21. Explain the role that animals have in the process of pollination. 22. Identify the structures of a flower and describe each of their functions. 23. Differentiate between gymnosperms and angiosperms. 24. Differentiate between monocots and dicots. 25. Describe how tropisms affect the growth of plants. 26. Explain how the characteristics that allow plants to survive on land improve as you move from non-vascular plants to seedless vascular plants to gymnosperms to angiosperms.