World History Since 1500 Exam 1 Review Map Identification: I will have ten of the following places on your exam. You are responsible for then identifying eight of them. (warning: do not simply study eight of these). The map is attached on page two (this is the same map that will appear on the exam). Use your book to find the locations. All locations were taken from maps in your textbook or the readings. Ming China Safavid Empire Mediterranean Sea Mughal Empire Florence Portugal Atlantic Ocean Spain Constantinople Ottoman Empire Silk Road Aztec Empire Inca Empire Tenochtitlan Holy Roman Empire Japan England San Salvador (Guanahani) Guangzhou (Hangchow or Kinsay, China) Short Answer: I will have ten of these terms on the exam. You must describe five of them (giving significance, geographic location, date) in at least three complete sentences. Again, do not just prepare five of these, since you don’t know which ten I will include. "Gunpowder Empires" Francisco Pizarro Ming Dynasty Mandate of Heaven Confucianism Zheng He Martin Luther Dhimmis Akbar Mughal Empire Safavid Empire Ottoman Empire Humanism Reconquista Moctezuma Marco Polo Columbian Exchange Middle Kingdom Guanahani Maize 1. In the decades around 1500, China under the Ming Dynasty was stable, prosperous and wealthy, and was one of the most powerful states in the world. a. Discuss the politics, economics and culture of early modern China. b. What was the relationship of China and the West during this period? Use Chinese Historians and Marco Polo to back up your argument. c. Describe the Ming voyages of exploration. How and why did they begin, and why does China cease exploration at a time when Europe is about to begin? 2. Europe around the year 1500 was experiencing the period now known as the Renaissance. a. Describe what the Renaissance was. Where did it occur? Why did it occur? What did it mean? b. What are the defining features of the Renaissance? What makes a work of art a Renaissance work? Select an artist’s work from your book and be able to describe it in light of these points. c. Why is it that the ocean‐facing nations of the Mediterranean region (Spain and Portugal) begin to look for alternative routes to East Asia? What are they looking for and where do they ultimately go? 3. Prior to 1492, the Americas and Afro‐Eurasia had been developing in near total isolation from one another. Columbus’ highly controversial encounter with the natives of the Caribbean started a process of cultural exchange that still continues to this day. a. Describe life in the Americas before European domination, especially in the cultural zones of Mesoamerica and Peru. b. Describe Columbus. Who was he and what was he attempting to accomplish? Was he successful or a failure? c. Describe the impact that the interaction of Afro‐Eurasia and the Americas had in terms of demographics, politics, social structures, cultural and religious structures and food.