Modern World History: Study Guide for the Unit 1 Exam Terms/Concepts to Know Cultural blending Colonies Mercantilism Secular Vernacular Encomienda Kowtow Pilgrims Conquistadors Columbian Exchange Kabuki Capitalism Ghazi Janissaries Middle passage Devshirme Caravel Urdu Treaty of Tordesillas Be able to answer What are the reasons for why African slaves were used by the Spaniards? What role did Bartoleme de Las Casa play in the slave trade? England’s 1st permanent settlement in the North America? What did Vasco da Gama gain for Portugal? Why did Henry VIII split from the Catholic Church? Europeans reasons for voyages of exploration? Who invented the printing press? What was the 1st book published on it? Humanists focused on human potential and achievements during the Renaissance. What caused this? What led to the decline of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires? China’s “Little Brother” during the 1700s under the Qing? How was Africa affected by the Atlantic Slave Trade? Main economic activity in New France? What were some of the accomplishments/achievements of the Tokugawa Shogunate under Tokugawa Ieyasu? Who was the 1st head of the English Church? European country that was the 1st to import enslaved Africans to the Americas? Who was Zheng He? What are indulgences? Who protested the practice? Who was the 1st European to sail around the southern tip of Africa? Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal? How did the Sikhs change during the Mughal Empire? Who destroyed the Sunni population of Baghdad, enraging the Ottomans? What was the purpose of joint-stock companies during the 1500 and 1600s? Where did Columbus 1st land? Who was Olaudah Equiano? Why did China reject the idea of trading with England? This place had access to Roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from Constantinople; making it the birthplace of the Renaissance? Who serves as a good example of a Renaissance man because he was a painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist? Directions: Select one of the following essay questions. Answer the question in the space provided using complete sentences in paragraph form, correct spelling, and neat hand writing. (10 points) A. Who was Martin Luther? What caused him to “reform” the church? Describe the 95 thesis and his teachings. B. Describe the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Suleyman the Lawgiver. What things were positive about his rule? What things were negative about his rule? C. Describe the culture of the Tokugawa Empire of Japan. Why did Japan isolate themselves from European contact? What were the positive and negative aspects of isolation? D. Describe the Atlantic slave trade and the Columbian Exchange. In what way did each change the world?