Review Sheet for Final Exam

Biology 232 - Physiology & Anatomy 1
Review Sheet - Final Examination
The following are some suggestions as to topics to spend time studying. This list or any
list like it cannot be expected to cover each and every topic possible for the upcoming
exam. However, it should give you a reasonable idea as to the breadth of material. My
suggestion is to use this list as a way to help you organize your notes and your
reading. *** Indicates materials that you should look up in your textbook for a basic
Early Chapters
Study your old exams..... if you
understand the CONCEPTS (not
simply memorizing answers) in
the questions you should be fine.
However, the following can prove to be
especially helpful topics to
consider reviewing as well:
language of anatomy
skin tanning ideas
organization of muscle tissue
power in muscles and control of
layers of the skin
diseases associated with bone
growth issues
the homumculus
the various aspects of the senses
additive effects of multiple
muscle contractions
nervous system structures and
accessory (glial) cells
biochemical and mechanical
aspects of nerve function
ions used in muscle and nervous
system physiology
effects of damage to the nervous
***chief cells
joints of the body and their
function and locations
basic biochemistry.... bonding,
pH, etc.
basic properties of the cell...
function, use of the PLB,
movement of materials in
and out, etc.
basic anatomy of the skeletal
blood hemoglobin properties
homeostasis and associated
Endocrine System Topics
the major endocrine glands and their
secretions, effects, abbreviations,
and examples of diseases
associated with problems in
hormone production (as
described in lecture)
steroid and non-steroidal hormones structure, location, effects
effects of hormones on the body and
examples of diseases associated
feedback mechanisms
interactions of the hypothalamus and
the fight-or-flight response in
association with the endocrine
glands that secrete hormones
the ways in which endocrine glands can
be stimulated
hormones associated specifically with
the hypothalamus that affect the