Anatomy and Physiology Honors

Anatomy and Physiology Honors
MCA Quarter 3
Study Guide
Format of Assessment:
 50 Multiple Choice
 13 Fill-ins
 6 Constructed Response (Critical Thinking
Concepts to Review and Study:
Please note that this list does not represent every detail
that may appear on your assessment, but does fully
represent the major concepts being assessed.
Nervous (Ch. 8):
 Anatomy of a Neuron and the role of each
structure as it links to the function of the
 Function of Myelin
 3 Types of neurons and their functions
 Spinal cord function and the role of gray and
white matter (Reflex Arcs)
 Illustrate and explain transmission (action at
nerve synapse)
 Physiology of an action potential
 Nervous response to stimuli
 Brain Trauma – identify area of brain and
defend based on symptoms
 Role of meninges and impact of meningitis
 Regions of the cerebrum (compartmentalization)
and what they do – Brain Trauma (impacts to
different areas)
 Affects of anesthesia
 Function of the cerebellum
 Divisions of the nervous system and their role
(PNS, CNS, Afferent, Efferent, Somatic,
Autonomic, Parasympathetic, Sympathetic)
 Role of neurolemmocytes (Schwann cells)
 Functions of nervous system
Endocrine (Ch. 9):
 Compare and contrast endocrine and exocrine
 Antagonistic regulation by the pancreas
 Three tier Endocrine Negative feed back loop
(Hypothalamus Ant. Pituitary  Another
endocrine gland)
 Dual role of the Thymus gland
 Compare and contrast steroid and peptide
 Growth hormone and impacts of hyper or hypo
secretion of GH.
 Diseases and Disorders of Endocrine (e.g.
Addison’s, Cushing’s, Dwarfism, SAD, Diabetes
incipitus, Diabetes Mellitus, etc.)
 Regulation of calcium in the blood
 Specific role of hormones (e.g. oxytocin,
calcitonin, insulin, TSH, ACTH, etc.)
 Compare and contrast hypothalamic control of
anterior or posterior pituitary.
 Steroid vs. peptide hormones
 Functions of endocrine system
Blood (Chapter 11)
 Functions of Blood
 Anatomy of components of blood
 Blood typing – who can donate to who
 Hemopoesis (all kinds – especially
 Hemostasis: define and explain steps
 Location of hemopoesis
 Significance of Rh and HDN
 Link Blood to other systems in terms of
 Agranulocytes vs. Granulocytes (# and types)
 Role of hemoglobin and significance of iron
 Anemia
 Form Follows Function of Erythrocytes and
 Functions of plasma proteins
 EPO Hormone
 Fetal oxygen affinity – link to hemoglobin
 Reticulocyte # before and after donating blood
 3 stages of hemostasis