Guide - BISD Moodle

American Studies Sem1, 20112012
Unit5 Study Guide (ch16,ch17,ch18)
Things to know, understand, and/or be able to do:
Which of these statements was not true of
the United States by the year 1900?
o Industrial production had risen
rapidly due to mechanization.
o Over half of the nation's industrial
labor force was foreign born.
o Mature industries such as
steelmaking were in a decline.
o The rise of industry had led to
rapid urbanization.
Which of these statements best describes
New York's Lower East Side in 1900?
an industrial area that employed
hundreds of thousands of
o an abandoned area after a fire
consumed most of the wooden
o a densely populated
neighborhood with an inadequate
o a middle-class neighborhood with
indoor plumbing and running
the Pendleton Act
social Darwinism
the Social Gospel movement
the Second Great Awakening
George Washington Carver
Which of the following effects best
completes the flowchart?
Examine the map below. What does the
map reveal about immigrant-settlement
patterns at this time?
Children who lose their jobs protest the new laws
The number of children in school increases
The number of children living on the streets
increases sharply.
Many working mothers quit work to care for their
children at home.
Poor immigrants often lived
alongside upper-class families.
Most immigrants did not settle in
Wealthy immigrants settled in
newly built suburbs.
Immigrant groups often clustered
together in urban neighborhoods.
Party bosses and political machines
What statement was the cartoonist trying to
make about party bosses?
o They were corrupt public officials.
o They were progressive reformers.
o They were followers of social
o They were unfairly treated by
Direct primary
Political convention
Recall election
Secret ballot
Initiative (legislation)
Which of the following was not a goal of the
NAACP during the Progressive Era?
o to ensure equal rights for all African
o to use the legal system to fight
o to secure the passage of antilynching
o to urge accommodation among African
Which of the following progressive reforms was
enacted by a constitutional amendment?
o women’s suffrage
o consumer protection
o regulation of monopolies
o conservation of the environment
“We demand that big business give the people a
square deal; in return, we must insist that when
anyone engaged in big business honestly
endeavors to do right he shall himself be given a
square deal.” - Which Progressive Era president
was the most likely author of this quotation?
o Woodrow Wilson
o Howard Taft
o Theodore Roosevelt
o William McKinley
How did Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson
work to protect the environment?
o by requiring factories to clean up their
toxic wastes
o by creating a federal agency to
monitor pollution
o by protecting wilderness lands from
o by setting aside land for national parks
Why did President Wilson establish the Federal
Reserve System?
o to give trusts more opportunities to
expand their businesses
o to regulate the money supply and
prevent future economic panics
o to help the federal government keep
the budget balanced
o to create banks that could collect the
new federal income tax
Which of the following statements best
summarizes the data in the table?
o Most people in 1913 made more than
$75,000 a year.
o Only the very rich were required to pay
o Tax rates in 1913 were higher than
those today.
o People with higher incomes were
required to pay more taxes.
The second part of the test will be a documentbased question.
o In part A, you will examine a
photograph, a cartoon, and text
excerpts to complete various tasks
(describing problems, summarizing
solutions shown in the materials)
o In part B, you will write a short essay
that evaluates this statement:
Progressives were successful at solving
many of the problems they saw in
American cities.
The essay will contain these
An opening
paragraph in which
you state your
position (thesis) on
the statement
above and
introduce your
basic argument
One or more
paragraphs in
which you provide
evidence to
support your
A conclusion in
which you restate
your thesis and
leave the reader
with something to
think about
Second part materials:
Excerpt from New York Times Article, 1896
The chief objections to the old-style tenements are
contracted [tight] quarters, lack of family privacy... lack of
light and air, and of sanitary accommodations, insuring a
large death rate, and danger from fire- that ever-present
tenement horror.
Excerpt from the New York Tenement House Act, 1901
In all now existing tenement houses, all school sinks, privy
vaults [outhouses] or other similar receptacles used to
receive...sewage, shall before January first, nineteen
hundred and three, be completely removed... [and]
replaced by individual water-closets [rooms with a toilet]
of durable non-absorbent material, properly sewer
Excerpt from Lincoln Steffen's The Shame of the Cities
Tammany's democratic corruption rests upon the
corruption of the people, the plain people... The leader and
his captains have their hold because they take care of their
own. They speak pleasant words, smile friendly smiles,
notice the baby, give picnics up the River or the Sound, or a
slap on the back; find jobs, most of them at the city's
expense...They permit violations of the law, and, if a man
has broken the law without permission, see him through
the court...
But they sell out their own people. They do give them coal
and help them in their private troubles, but, as they grow
rich and powerful, the kindness goes out of the
charity...They sacrifice the children in the schools; let the
Health Department neglect the tenements, and, worst of
all, plant vice in the neighborhood and in the homes of the