Chapter 16 notes

advertisement
Chapter 16 – Medicine and Illegal Drugs
Lesson 1 – What are drugs?
Drug – any chemical substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological
state.
How drugs enter the Body….
 Mouth – swallow
 Injection – hypodermic needle
 Transdermal patches
 Ear – does not go into bloodstream
 Smoke – nose
Lesson 2 – Using drugs as Medicine
Medicine – any drug that is used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort.
Prescription – a written order from a doctor for a certain medicine or treatment.
Prescription medicine – medicine that can be bought only with a written order from a doctor.
Over-the-counter – any medicine that can be bought without a prescription.
Drug interaction – an unexpected effect of a drug
Side effect – any effect that is caused by a drug and that is different from the drug’s intended
effect.
Drug allergy – a person can have a very bad reaction to a medicine that causes little or no side
effects in most people.
Tolerance – the body’s ability to resist the effects of a drug.
Overdose – the taking of a larger amount of a drug than a person’s body can safely process.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – a government agency that controls the safety of food
and drugs in the United States.
Lesson 3 – Drug Abuse and Addiction
Drug addiction – the uncontrollable use of a drug.
Drug abuse – the misuse of a drug on purpose or the use of any illegal drug.
Dependence – needing the drug in order to function properly.
Physical dependence – the body’s chemical need for a drug.
Psychological dependence – a person’s emotional or mental need for a drug.
Lesson 4 – Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant – any drug that increases the body’s activity.
Cocaine – a powerful stimulant that is produced
Crack cocaine – cocaine that has been altered into a form that can be smoked.
Euphoria – a physical and mental sense of well-being.
Methamphetamine – a very powerful stimulant; it is produced in a laboratory.
Depressant (sedatives) – a drug that decreases activity in the body.
Tranquilizers – mild depressants that are used in small doses to treat anxiety.
Barbiturates – strong depressants that are used to treat sleep disorders and seizures.
Hypnotics – extremely powerful depressants that can cause sleep, loss of muscle control, and
loss of memory.
Rohypnol – an extremely powerful hypnotic depressant.
Blackout – the inability to remember anything that happened while under a drug’s effects.
Lesson 5 – Marijuana
Marijuana – the dried flowers and leaves of the Cannabis plant.
THC – the active chemical in marijuana
Lesson 6 – Opiates
Opiate – any drug that is produced from the milk of the opium poppy.
Opium – the white milky liquid that comes from the poppy plant to make opiates.
Heroin – may be the most powerful and addictive opiate that exists and is made from morphine
Morphine – one of the chemical substances in the milk of the opium poppy.
Lesson 7 – Hallucinogens and Inhalants
Hallucinogen – any drug that causes a person to hallucinate.
Hallucinate – to see or hear things that are not actually present.
Flashback – an event in which a hallucinogen’s effects happen again long after the drug was
originally taken.
Inhalant – any drug that is inhaled and absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs.
Lesson 8 – Designer Drugs
Designer drug – a drug that is produced by making a small chemical change to a drug that
already exists.
Ecstasy – the common name given to the chemical MDMA is a mind-altering drug that was
created from the powerful stimulant methamphetamine.
Seizures – short episodes in which an overload of brain activity causes violent shaking in the
muscles.
GHB – a drug that is made from an anesthetic that is also a common ingredient in pesticides.
Ketamine – a powerful drug that is closely related to the hallucinogen PCP.
Lesson 9 – Staying Drug Free
Reasons for staying Drug Free
1. staying healthy
2. staying in control
3. making good decisions
4. staying out of jail
5. saving your money
Lesson 10 – Getting Help
Intervention – a gathering in which the people who are close to a person who is abusing drugs try
to get the person to accept help by relating stories of how his/her drug problem
has affected them.
Treatment center – a facility with trained doctors and counselors where people who abuse drugs
can get help for their problem.
Detoxification – the process by which the body rids itself of harmful chemicals.
Support group – a group of people who have undergone the same or very similar problems.
Download
Related flashcards
Doping in sport

16 Cards

Dosage forms

18 Cards

Mood stabilizers

27 Cards

Mood stabilizers

26 Cards

Antidotes

47 Cards

Create flashcards