Drugs and Medicine - River Dell Regional School District

A Drug is any chemical substance that cause a
change in a persons physical or psychological
A substance can make a person feel good or
make them stop feeling bad. The chemical
substance in drugs may have effects on
perception, consciousness, personality and/or
-Ears, eyes, nose
-Transdermal patches (absorbed through the skin
then into the bloodstream).
- Smoked or Inhaled
- Injected
- Orally swallowed
• How did it affect your body?
• What do you know about illegal drugs? Why
do some people take them?
Medicine – any drug that is used to cure, prevent, or
treat illness or discomfort.
- Instructions are very important
What are the differences and similarities between:
• prescription medicine?
• Over-the- counter medicine?
List some examples ?
When taken both at the same time the expected effect
can be different, which is known as drug interaction.
• Side effects: dry mouth, drowsiness, or a headache. Others
can be nausea, hair loss, dizziness, and exhaustion.
- Most packages list the side effects
- Anything unexpected contact your doctor
• Drug Allergy: a bad reaction to a specific medicine.
- Minor = Rash, Major = inability to breath
- Be sure to let your doctor know what you are allergic to
before he prescribes you a medicine.
• What is tolerance?
• What is an overdose? What can it result in?
Scientists Develop or discover a new drug
Scientists test the drug on animals
If safe testing begins on healthy humans.
Drug is then tested on a human with the
5. Drug creators apply to the FDA for approval.
6. FDA reviews the research and either
• Sometimes, drugs that have been approved have to be recalled.
What is Drug addiction?
- Can start off as recreational use, which can lead to addiction
and dependence. Needing the drug in order to function.
• Physical Dependence?
• Psychological Dependence?
• Withdrawal ?
- Symptoms: anxiety, fever, cramps, nausea, seizures.
- depression, nervousness, sleeplessness, irritability.
• Close friends
• Families
• Girlfriend, boyfriend
• Many times when a person has an addiction to drugs that
persons family and friends are usually affected more than
anyone else is, including the attic.
Difficulty focusing
Grades become to drop
Repeat grade
Not getting into college
Not getting a job
• Drugs can become very expensive
• Hundreds of dollars EACH DAY
• To support their habit they need to find other ways to get
money because they cannot keep a job.
 In 2004, 32% of prisoners in state prisons said that they were
under the influence of drugs when they committed the crimes for
which they were serving time.
• Stimulants – any drug that increases the body’s activity. These
type of drugs cause your heart rate and breathing to speed up.
• Other symptoms are: Feeling awake and alert.
• Types: caffeine, cocaine, crack cocaine, and methamphetamine.
• Can cause you to stay awake for days at a time.
• Cocaine – powerful drug (stimulant) made from coca plant.
Cocaine comes in a white powder and inhaled through the nose.
• Crack Cocaine (ROCK) – cocaine that is altered or cooked into
a different form, which can be smoked. Effects are more
intense and do not last as long as cocaine.
• Euphoria – physical and mental sense of well-being.
(exaggerated state of mind)
• Due to the short lived effects of both drugs people must use the
drug often to make the effects last.
• A stimulant that is synthetic and comes in rock form.
• Street Names: Meth, Crystal, Crystal Meth
• Ways that it is used: smoked, injected or inhaled.
• Effects will last for hours and is extremely addictive.
• Short term-effects: euphoria, decreased appetite, increased
body temperature.
• Permanent kidney damage, and/or liver damage, brain
damage, death.
• Any drug that decreases activity in the body.
• HR and breathing slows down. BP also drops. Mild relaxation
and deep sleep.
• Types: Tranquilizers – mild depressants help treat anxiety.
- Hypnotics – very powerful depressants
• Addictive
• Overdose – can cause coma, death and brain damage.
• Interact strongly with alcohol causing severe effects.
• Very powerful depressant and are small and white tablets,
which last for 8 hours.
• Street names: Roach, roofies, or rope.
• Effects: sleepiness, slurred speech, impaired judgment, difficulty
walking, loss of muscle control. Effects become increased when
mixed with alcohol.
• Blackout – is the inability to remember anything that happened
while under the drugs effects.
• Dried flowers and leaves of the Cannabis plant. Can possibly
be the most popular drug abused.
• Street names: Grass, weed, pot, dope, Mary Jane, green, bud
and reefer.
• Effects of marijuana?
• Most of the time it is smoked, but can be mixed with food and
• THC – chemical substance in marijuana. Levels of THC may
vary based on the plant.
• Decreases ability to think and concentrate
• Decreases desire and energy.
• Because it is smoked marijuana use can have similar effects as
smoking cigarettes.
• Chronic bronchitis
• Respiratory problems.
• Any drug that is produced from the milk of the opium poppy
(flower from Europe and Asia).
Extremely addictive (quickly addictive)
Develops a strong tolerance
Hardest addiction to break
Intense withdrawals: cramps, vomiting, muscle pain, shaking,
chills, panic attacks.
• Prescription Opiates: used to heal pain, treating coughs and
intestinal problems. These can be abused leading to addiction with
failure of following a doctors instructions.
• Heroin: can be the most powerful and addictive opiate. Made from
- Inhaled, smoked,
- Most popular way to take it is to inject it.
• Effects: euphoria, sleepiness, warm feeling in the skin, shallow
breathing and nausea.
• Using dirty needles can lead to diseases such as hepatitis or HIV.
• A drug that causes a person to Hallucinate. What does is mean
to Hallucinate? “Trip”??
• Common Hallucinogens: LSD, acid, Mushrooms, PCP, angel dust,
Peyote, mescaline.
• Flashbacks – hallucinogen’s effects happen again long after the
drug was originally taken. (days, week, years).
• Inhalant – any drug that are inhaled and absorbed into the
bloodstream through the lungs.
• Common Inhalants: household cleaners, spray paint, glue, freon,
nitrous oxide (Whip-its).
• Short Term effects, but extremely dangerous. Oxygen flow to
your brain is replaced by another chemical. This can result in
death and brain damage.
• A Drug that is produced by making a small chemical change to
a drug that already exists.
• Unpredictable effects
Ecstasy – Common name give to the stimulant chemical MDMA.
Pill form, but can be snorted
Lasts for 4 – 6 hours (Increased energy, tingling in the skin, sensitivity
to touch)
• GHB – a drug that is made from the anesthetic GBL. (an ingredient to
- Outlawed in 2000
- - Clear colorless liquid that looks like water, also looks like white
- Loss of consciousness and can die
• Ketamine – a powerful drug that is closely related to
hallucinogen PCP (angel dust).
- Special K, K, Kit Kat, Vitamin K
• Users experience dissociation – separation from reality. They
also experience numbness, inability to move and loss of
• Reason’s for staying Drug free can vary based on the person, but
some can be true for everybody.
1. Staying healthy
2. Staying in control
3. Making good decisions
4. Staying out of jail
5. Saving your money
If NO doesn’t work what are some excuses or reason you would use?
** Avoid pressure situations altogether!!
• Knowing when you need help and realizing you have a problem
is the first step. Treatment cannot start until a person recognizes
they have a problem.
• Helping someone else you may feel or know has a drug
problem. INTERVENTION – is a gathering in which the people
who are close to a person who is abusing drugs try to get the
person to accept help by relating stories of how his or her drug
problem has affected them.
• Counseling can allow a drug user to discuss his or her emotional
problems with someone who is trained.
• What is a treatment center?
• Detoxification is the process by? This can be a very long and
painful process. What type of symptoms can a person feel
during this period?
• Support Groups are a group of people who have undergone
the same or very similar problems. Other than the user who else
may need support?
• Recovery is NEVER one step it is a difficult lifelong process that
has to be ongoing.