HIST468 Multi-cultural America

Spring, 2010
Gary Land
10:30-11:20 MWF
Credit Hours:
Office Hours
Catalogue Description:
Course Objectives:
122A Nethery Hall
Office (269) 471-3511
Home (269) 461-6613
11:30-12:30 a.m. MWF
3:30-5:00 p.m. T TH
and by appointment
An examination of the historical experiences of
ethnic minority groups in the United States,
including development as subcultures and
interactions with the dominant society. Groups
studied include African, Chinese, Hispanic,
Japanese, Arab, and Native Americans.
Through the reading and classroom activities,
students will
1. identify and understand the historical patterns of
immigration to America;
2. identify and understand the issues of cultural
preservation and acculturation as they have
developed historically for major ethnic groups in
3. understand the responses of the dominant culture
historically to the immigration of major ethnic
4. analyze the meaning and significance of
America’s multi-cultural society.
Jon Gjerde, ed., Major Problems in American
Immigration and Ethnic History (Boston: Houghton
Mifflin Co., 1998).
Ronald Takaki, A Different Mirror: A History of
Multicultural America, rev. ed. (Back Bay, 2008).
Quintard Taylor, Jr., From Timbuktu to Katrina:
Readings in African-American History, 2 vols.
(Thomson/Wadsworth, 2008).
1. Reading: Students are expected to complete the
reading assignments as listed on the schedule below.
2. Reading Journal: Students are expected to
maintain a journal regarding their assigned reading,
in both Gjerde and Taylor. In this journal the
student is to write two 8-10 line entries for each
assignment (please identify the entries by the
specific assignment pages). The first entry must
summarize important information or statements in
the reading assignment; the second entry must give
the student's response to the reading, raising
questions, making comments, or expressing any
other interactions. Students may respond to
Class Attendance:
Missed Examinations:
Extra Credit:
Academic Honesty:
whatever aspect or aspects of the reading that
inspires a reaction; in the second entry they should
not feel that they have to write about the entire
assignment. Journal entries for the day's assignment
are to be turned in at the beginning of each class
period. A maximum of 10 pts. will be given for
each journal entry. Students may skip up to four
journal entries without penalty; at the end of the
semester the four lowest journal entry scores will be
dropped for each student.
3. Book Reviews: Each student will read two
scholarly works (min. 250 pp.) of their choice
addressing the subject of immigration and/or ethnic
diversity in America and write a 2-3 page critical
review of each. See instructions for the review at
the end of this syllabus and the book review rubric
distributed by the instructor.. The bibliographies in
the textbooks provide a guide to useful books. All
books chosen by the student must be approved in
advance by the instructor. Reviews are due as
indicated in the course schedule and must include
notes, rough draft, final draft, and rubric.
4. Document Analyses: Each student will write two
3-4 page analyses, one of primary sources and one
of historiography, from documents in the Gjerde
volume. Further instructions will be given at least
one week prior to the due date of each assignment
as indicated in the course schedule. (50 pts each)
5. Examinations: Each student will take the
midterm and final examinations. (50 pts. each)
Reading Journal
Book Reviews:
100 pts. 20%
Document Analyses: 100 pts. 20%
100 pts. 40%
Grades will be determined as follows:
A 96-100%; A- 91-95%; B+ 86-90%; B 81-85%;
B- 76-80%; C+ 71-75%; C 66-70%; C- 61-65%; D
50-60%; F 0-49%
An attendance record will be taken each day.
Students will lose class participation points if they
are absent on a day that they are randomly chosen
for questioning. As indicated in the Andrews
University Bulletin (2997-08), p. 28, absences
beyond 20% (8 class periods) will result in an F.
Examination may be turned in late only in the event
of illness, with a medical excuse signed by a
physician or nurse, or a death in the student’s
immediate family. The student must contact the
teacher regarding late examinations prior to the time
that the examinations are due.
Completing the course requirements with distinction
will keep you occupied, for you should expect to
spend about two hours in preparation for each class.
I do not give extra-credit assignments.
Please read the section on academic honesty in the
Student E-mail:
Disability Accommodations:
Andrews University Bulletin (p. 28, 2007-08
edition). Any violations of this policy will result in
a grade of 0 for the individual assignment.
Should I need to send a message to individual
students or the entire class, I will be using your
Andrews University e-mail address. If you do not
use this as your primary address, it is your
responsibility to set up your AU account to forward
messages to your primary address so that you will
receive my messages. You are responsible for any
unread or missed messages.
If you qualify for accommodations under the
American Disabilities Act, please see the instructor
as soon as possible for referral and assistance in
arranging such accommodations.
Immigration and Ethnic History:
Gjerde, 2-28; Takaki, 3-20
Historical Analyses
Migrants to North America,
Gjerde, 30-45; Takaki, 23-37
1609-1775: Personal Accounts
The Peopling of North America:
Gjerde, 45-68; Takaki, 37-48
Historical Analyses
Africans to America: Personal
Taylor, Vol. 1, 1-23; Takaki, 49Accounts
NO CLASS: Martin Luther King
Nation and Citizenship in the Age Gjerde, 69-81; Takaki, 62-71
of Revolution, 1750-1800:
Personal Accounts
Forming an American Identity:
Gjerde, 82-95;Takaki, 75-87
Historical Analyses
Slavery and Freedom in the
Taylor, Vol. 1, 25-47; Takaki,
Revolutionary Era: Personal
American Slavery: Historical
Taylor, Vol. 1, 49-72; Takaki,
European Migration, 1830-1880:
Gjerde, 96-111; Takaki,; 113-30
Personal Accounts
Perceptions of America:
Gjerde, 113-32; BOOK REVIEW
Historical Analyses
Experiencing Nativism, 1830Gjerde, 133-51; Takaki, 131-45
1860: Personal Accounts
The Know Nothings and Irish
Gjerde, 151-69; Takaki, 145-54
Catholics: Historical Analyses
Free Blacks in a Slave Society:
Taylor, Vol. 1, 73-94; Takaki,
Personal Accounts
African Americans and the Civil
Taylor, Vol. 1, 95-121; Takaki,
War: Personal Accounts
African Americans and
Taylor, Vol. 1, 123-48; Takaki,
Reconstruction: Personal
Emigration and Return, 18501920: Personal Accounts
The Meaning of Emigration,
1850-1920: Historical Analyses
Industrial Immigrants, 18801920: Personal Accounts
Adjusting to Industrial America,
1880-1920: Historical Analyses
Women and Children
Immigrants: Personal Accounts
Immigration and Family
Relations: Historical Analyses
The Coming of Jim Crow:
Personal Accounts
Midterm Examination
Racialization of Immigrants,
1880-1930: Personal Accounts
Scientific and Legal Racism:
Historical Analyses
Responses to Immigration, 18801924: Personal Accounts:
Americanization and Pluralism:
Historical Analyses
The Great Migration
Development of a Black Culture
Immigrant and Ethnic Life, 192465: Personal Accounts
Ethnic Communities: Historical
Depression and War, 1929-65:
Personal Accounts
World War II and Ethnic
Experience: Historical Analyses
The Civil Rights Movement
After the Movement
Blacks and the New Century
Immigration and Ethnicity since
1965: Personal Accounts
Activism and Multiculturalism:
Historical Analyses
Late 20th Century Immigrant
Experience: Personal Accounts;
Historical Analyses
Exam Preparation Day
Gjerde, 170-85; DOCUMENT
Gjerde, 185-203; Takaki, 191205
Gjerde, 204-16; Takaki, 209-20
Gjerde, 216-37; Takaki, 220-31`
Gjerde, 238-52; Takaki, 232-51
Gjerde, 252-72; Takaki, 252-61
Taylor, Vol. 1, 149-77
Gjerde, 273-90; Takaki, 262-80
Gjerde, 291-306; Takaki, 280-91
Gjerde, 307-22; Takaki, 292-300
Gjerde, 322-42; Takaki, 300-10
Taylor, Vol. 2, 1-35; Takaki, 31118
Taylor, Vol. 2, 37-62;
Taylor, Vol. 2, 63-86; Gjerde,
Gjerde, 360-80; Takaki, 318-35
Gjerde, 381-94; Takaki, 339-59
Gjerde, 394-414; Takaki, 359-82
Taylor, Vol 2, 87-125; Takaki,
Taylor, Vol. 2, 127-56; BOOK
Taylor, Vol. 2, 157-89 ; Takaki,
Gjerde, 415-429; Takaki, 405-18
Gjerde, 429-49; Takaki, 418-33
Gjerde, 450-86; Takaki, 434-45
27 (Tuesday)
10:00 a.m.-12:00 noon
One of the tasks of the professional historian is to critically review new books that appear within
his or her area of expertise. Although few if any of you are planning to become professional historians, I
believe that it is useful for you to learn to write such reviews, both for the discipline it requires in the
reading of and writing about a book and the insight it gives you into history as an academic discipline.
Therefore, you are required to write reviews (the number is indicated on your syllabus) of three typewritten
pages in a style that would be acceptable to a historical journal. I recommend that you read several book
reviews (because there is more than one way to write a review) in such journals as The American Historical
Review or The Journal of American History before writing your own review. But do not read reviews of
the book that you are evaluating.
The process of writing a review really begins when you are reading a book. As a critical reader
you need to examine such things as the author’s purposes and whether they were met, the literary style, the
relative objectivity, the types of sources used and completeness of research, and whether the thesis is
convincing. Remember that you are reviewing the book the author wrote and not the one you wish he had
written. Nonetheless, you must judge whether the author succeeded in his or her self-appointed task and
whether that task was worth doing.
Having read the book critically you will then write the review. The review is to accomplish two
primary things. First, it should give the reader a clear idea of the author’s main argument or thesis with
some indication of the supporting evidence. Secondly, the review should give your judgment of the book
and the reasons for your opinion. The function of this part of your review is to help the reader determine
whether he should read and perhaps purchase this volume. Although it is usually best to keep these two
aspects of the review separate rather than mixing description with critique, you should think of the review
as a small essay with a brief introduction and conclusion that contain within their contours a unified
Although historical journals have varied ways of organizing the bibliographical information, all
reviews for this class must use the form provided by the example below. Indication of such information as
preface pages, illustrations, bibliography, and index will depend upon individual books. This information
must be placed at the top of the first page of your review.
1600-1950 (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1977), xv + 541 pp. Illustrations, Bibliography, Index.
Jon Gjerde, Major Problems in American Immigration and Ethnic History
The following is a listing of works included in the Gjerde's bibliographies that may be
found in the James White Library. There are a few additional titles that are held by the
JWL as e-books, but I have not listed these. You may obtain titles not held by JWL
through MELCAT. Also, this is not a complete listing of JWL holdings on immigration
and ethnic history, but should be regarded as a starting point in your search for useful
books. Browse the shelves in the areas where these books are located as well as use the
catalog to find additional, including more recent, books.
Chapter 1: "Approaches to American Immigration and Ethnic History"
Thomas Archdeacon, Becoming American: An Ethnic History (1983)
John Bodnar, The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America (1985)
Roger Daniels, Coming to America: A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in America
Leonard Dinnerstein, et al., Natives and Strangers: Blacks, Indians, and Immigrants in
America, 2nd ed. (1980).
Milton Gordon, Assimilation in American Life (1964)
Andrew Greeley, Why Can't They Be Like Us (1971)
Oscar Handlin, The Uprooted (1951)
Marcus Lee Hansen, The Immigrant in American History (1940)
Maldwyn Jones, American Immigration (1960)
Maxine Seller, To Seek America: A History of Ethnic Life in the United States (rev. 1988)
Carl Wittke, We Who Built America (1939)
Chapter 2: "Strangers in the Realm: Migrants to British Colonial North America, 16091775"
David Grayson Allen, In English Ways: The Movement of Societies and the Transferal of
English Local Law and Custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century
Bernard Bailyn, The Peopling of British North America (1986)
Bernard Bailyn and Barbara DeWolfe, Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling
of America on the Eve of the Revolution (1986)
Randall H. Balmer, A Perfect Babel of Confusion: Dutch Religion and English Culture in
the Middle Colonies (1989)
Patricia U. Bonomi, Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society, and politics in
Colonial America (1986)
Jon Butler, The Huguenots in America: A Refugee People in a New World Society (1983)
David Cressy, Coming Over: Migration and Communication Between England and New
England in the 17th Century (1987)
Philip Curtin, Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave
Trade (1967)
Philip Curtin, The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census (1969)
Richard Dunn, Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West
Indies, 1624-1713 (1972)
Roger Ekirch, Bound for America: The Transportation of British Convicts to the
Colonies, 1718-1775 (1987)
David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America (1989)
Marcus Lee Hansen, The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860: A History of the Continuing
Settlement of the United States (1941)
James T. Lemon, 'The Best Poor Man's Country': A Geographical Study of Early
Southeastern Pennsylvania (1972)
Sidney Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History (1985)
Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial
America (1976)
Sally Schwartz, 'A Mixed Multitude': The Struggle for Toleration in Colonial
Pennsylvania (1987)
Mechal Sobel, The World They Made Together: Black and White Values in Eighteenth
Century Virginia (1988)
Stephanie G. Wolf, Urban Village: Population, Community, and Family Structure in
Germantown, Pennsylvania, 1683-1800 (1976)
Peter Wood, Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the
Stono Rebellion (1974)
Chapter 3: "Nation and Citizenship in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1800"
Yehoshua Arieli, Individualism and Nationalism in American Ideology (1964)
Richard D. Brown, The Strength of a People: The Idea of an Informed Citizenry in
America, 1650-1870 (1996)
Samuel P. Huntington, American Politics: The Promise of Disharmony (1981)
Hans Kohn, American Nationalism: An Interpretative Essay (1957)
Seymour Martin Lipset, The First New Nation: The United States in Historical and
Comparative Perspective (1963)
Arthur Mann, The One and the Many: Reflections on American Identity (1979)
Richard L. Merritt, Symbols of American Community, 1735-1775 (1996)
John C. Miller, Crisis in Freedom: The Alien and Sedition Acts (1951)
Paul Nagel, This Sacred Trust: American Nationality, 1798-1898 (1971)
William H. Nelson, The American Tory (1961)
Chapter 4: European Migration and the Radical Attempt to Conserve, 1830-1880
Kathleen N. Conzen, Immigrant Milwaukee: 1836-1860 (1976)
Jay Dolan, The Immigrant Church: New York's Irish and German Catholics, 1815-1865
Charlotte Erickson, Invisible Immigrants: The Adaptation of English and Scottish
Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century America (1972)
Robert Ernst, Immigrant Life in New York City, 1825-1863 (1949)
Oscar Handlin, Boston's Immigrants, 1790-1865: A Study of Acculturation (1941)
Harald Runblom and Hans Norman, eds., From Sweden to America: A History of the
Migration (1976)
Stephan Thernstrom, Poverty and Progress: Social Mobility in Nineteenth Century
America (1964)
Chapter 5: "Nativism and Becoming American at Midcentury, 1830-1860"
David Bennett, The Party of Fear: From Nativist Movements to the New Right in
American History (1988)
Ray Allen Billington, The Protestant Crusade 1800-1860: A Study in the Origins of
American Nativism (1938)
Michael Feldberg, The Philadelphia Riots of 1844: A Study in Ethnic Conflict (1975)
Jenny Franchot, Roads to Rome: The Antebellum Protestant Encounter with Catholicism
Michael F. Holt, The Political Crisis of the 1850s (1978)
Dale T. Knobel, America for the Americans: The Nativist Movement in the United States
Vincent P. Lannie, Public Money and Parochial Education: Bishop Hughes, Governor
Seward, and the New York School Controversy (1968)
Chapter 6: Emigration and Return: Migration Patterns in the Industrial Age, 1850-1920
Josef J. Barton, Peasants and Strangers: Italians, Rumanians, and Slovaks in an
American City, 1890-1950 (1975)
John Bodnar, The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America (1985)
Betty Boyd Caroli, Italian Repatriation from the United States (1974)
Sucheng Chan, Asian Americans: An Interpretive History (1990)
Victor Greene, For God and Country: The Rise of Polish and Lithuanian Ethnic
Consciousness in America (1975)
John Highan, Send These to Me: Jews and Other Immigrants in Urban America (1975)
Irving Howe, The World of Our Fathers (1976)
Yuji Ichioka, The Issei: The World of the First Generation Japanese Immigrants, 18851924 (1988)
Thomas Kessner, The Golden Door: Italian and Jewish Immigrant Mobility in New York
City, 1880-1915 (1977)
Michael J. Piore, Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies (1979)
Moses Rischin, The Promised City: New York's Jews, 1870-1914 (1970)
Ronald Sanders, Shores of Refuge: A Hundred Years of Jewish Emigration (1989)
Ronald Takaki, Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans (1989)
Chapter 7: "Industrial Immigrants in the City and in the Countryside, 1880-1920"
John M. Allswang, A House for All Peoples: Ethnic politics in Chicago, 1890-1936
John Bodnar, Immigration and Industrialization: Ethnicity in an American Mill Town
Jay P. Dolan, The American Catholic Experience (1985)
Melvyn Dubofsky, We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World
Herbert Gans, The Urban Villagers: Group and Class in the Life of Italian Americans
Juan R. Garcia, Mexicans in the Midwest, 1900-1952 (1996)
Gary Gerstle, Working Class Americanism (1990)
Alan M. Kraut, The Huddled Masses: The Immigrant in American Society, 1880-1921
Ewa Morawska, Insecure Prosperity: Small Town Jews in Industrial America, 1890-1940
Chapter 8: "Women and Children immigrants Amid a Patriarchal World"
Hasia Diner, Erin's Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the 19th Century
Akemi Kikumura, Through Harsh Winters: The Life of a Japanese Immigrant Woman
Elaine Kim, With Silk Wings: Asian American Women at Work (1982)
Margarita Melville, ed., Twice a Minority: Mexican-American Women (1979)
Sydney Stahl Weinberg, The World of Our Mothers: The Lives of Jewish Immigrant
Women (1988)
Chapter 9: "Racialization of Immigrants, 1880-1930"
David H. Bennett, The Party of Fear: From Nativist Movements to the New Right in
American History (1988)
Roger Daniels, The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and
the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion (1962)
Ian Haney-Lopez, White by Law: The Legal Construction of Race (1996)
John Higham, Strangers in the Land (1963)
Donald Kinzer, An Episode in Anti-Catholicism: The American Protective Association
Dale T. Knobel, America for the Americans: The Nativist Movement in the United States
Alan Kraut, Silent Travelers: Germs, Genes, and the "Immigrant Menace" (1994)
Stuart Creighton Miller, The Unwelcome Immigrant: The American Image of the
Chinese, 1785-1882 (1969)
Robert K. Murray, Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920 (1955)
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in
California (1971)
Barbara Soloman, Ancestors and Immigrants (1965)
Chapter 10: "Responses to Immigration: Exclusion, Restriction, and Americanization,
Roger Daniels, The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and
the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion (1962)
Robert Divine, American Immigration Policy, 1924-1952 (1957)
Frederick C. Luebke, Bonds of Loyalty: German-Americans and World War I (1974)
Delber L. McKee, Chinese Exclusion versus the Open Door Policy (1977)
Joel Perlmann, Ethnic Differences: Schooling and Social Structure Among the Irish,
Italians, Jews, and Blacks in an American City, 1880-1935 (1989)
Ellen Carol DuBois and Vicki L. Ruiz, ed., Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader in
U. S. Women's History (1990)
Eileen H. Tamura, Americanization, Acculturation and Ethnic identity: The Nisei
Generation in Hawaii (1994)
David Tyack, The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education (1974)
Chapter 11: "Immigrant and Ethnic Life in Twentieth-Century America, 1924-1965"
Rodolfo Acuna, Occupied America: A History of Chicanos (1981)
Thomas Archdeaacon, Becoming American: An Ethnic History (1983)
Al Camarillo, Chicanos in a Changing Society: From Mexican Pueblos to American
Barrios in Santa Barbara and Southern California, 1848-1930 (1979)
Lawrence Cardoso, Mexican Emigration to the United States (1980)
Sucheng Chan, Asian Americans: An Interpretive History (1990)
Richard B. Craig, The Bracero Program (1971)
Manuel Gamio, Life Story of the Mexican Immigrant (1931)
Carey McWilliams, North from Mexico: The Spanish Speaking People in the United
States (1949)
June Namias, First Generation: In the Words of Twentieth Century American Immigrants
Victor Nee and Bret de Bary, Longtime Californ': A Documentary History of an
American Chinatown (1973)
Mark Reisler, By the Sweat of Their Brow: Mexican Immigrant Labor in the US, 19001940 (1976)
Paul C. P. Siu, The Chinese Laundryman: A Study of Social Isolation (1953)
Chapter 12: "Immigrants and Ethnics Amid Depression and War, 1929-1965"
Richard B. Craig, The Bracero Program (1971)
Deborah Gesenway and Mindy Roseman, Beyond Words: Images from America's
Concentration Camps (1988)
Abraham Hoffman, Unwanted Mexican Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation
Pressures, 1929-1939 (1974)
Fred Riggs, Pressures on Congress: A Study of the Repeal of Chinese Exclusion (1950)
David Wyman, Paper Walls: America and the Refugee Crisis, 1938-1941 (1968)
David Wyman, The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945
Chapter 13: "Immigration and Ethnicity in the Post-Industrial World, 1965 to the
Milton Gordon, Assimilation in American Life: The Role of Race, Religion, and National
Origins (1964)
Andrew Greeley, Why Can't They be Like Us? (1972)
Nathan Glazer and Daniel Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto
Ricans, Jews Italians, and Irish of New York City (1963)
Will Herbert, Protestant-Catholic-Jew (1955)
David Hollinger, Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism (1995)
Gil Loescher and John A Scanlan, Calculated Kindness: Refugees and America's HalfOpen Door, 1945-Present (1986)
Michael Novak, The Rise of the Unmeltable Ethnics (1972)
Stephen Steinberg, The Ethnic Myth (1981)
Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs, U.S. Immigration Law and Policy,
1952-1986 (1988)
Chapter 14: "Immigration Transforms America, 1965 to the Present"
Ted Conover, Coyotes: A Journey Through the Secret World of America's Illegal Aliens
Joseph P. Fitzpatrick, Puerto Rican Americans (1971)
Peter Kwong, The New Chinatown (1987)
David Reimers, Still the Golden Door: The Third World Comes to America (1985)