SELECTED NAMES AND TERMS FROM BRINKLEY, CHAPTERS 21-24 Muckrakers McClure’s Magazine Lincoln Steffens/The Shames of the Cities Ida Tarbell/History of Standard Oil Social Gospel Salvation Army William Rauschenbusch Pope Leo XIII/Rerum Novarum Jacob Riis/How the Other Half Lives Settlement House Movement Jane Addams/Hull House Thorstein Veblen/Theory of Leisure Class “Taylorism” Professionalism American Medical Association National Association of Manufacturers U.S. Chamber of Commerce The “New Woman” Lillian Wald Anna Howard Shaw “Boston Marriages” General Federation of Women’s Clubs Charlotte Perkins Gilman “mother’s pensions” Elizabeth Cady Stanton Carrie Chapman Catt National Amer. Woman Suffrage Assoc. Florence Kelley Nineteenth Amendment Alice Paul National Woman’s Party Equal Rights Amendment muckrakers Commission plan city manager plan Tom Johnson Initiative, referendum, recall, direct primary Charles Evans Hughes ‘interest groups” Robert M. La Follette Tammany Hall Triangle Shirtwaist Company Robert F. Wagner Alfred E. Smith George Norris William Borah W. E. B. DuBois “talented tenth” Niagara Movement NAACP Prohibition Women’s Christian Temperance Union Frances Willard Anti-Saloon League Eighteenth Amendment Eugenics Madison Grant/Passing of the Great Race Socialist Party of America Eugene V. Debs Industrial Workers of the World/”Wobblies” William (“Big Bill”) Haywood Louis D. Brandeis Herbert Croly/Promise of American Life Nineteenth Amendment Walter Lippmann Theodore Roosevelt Dept. of Labor and Comm./Bureau of Corps. Northern Securities Company United Mine Workers Strike The Square Deal Interstate Commerce Act/ICC Hepburn Act Pure Food and Drug Act Upton Sinclair/The Jungle Meat Inspection Act Gifford Pinchot/National Forest Service Old Guards Newlands Act Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Margaret Sanger Panic of 1907 J. P. Morgan William Howard Taft Payne Aldrich Tariff Pinchot-Ballinger Dispute “New Nationalism” Progressive Party/”Bull Moose Party” Woodrow Wilson “New Freedom” Underwood-Simmons Tariff Sixteenth Amendment Federal Reserve Act Federal Trade Commission Clayton Antitrust Act Keating-Owen Act Col. Edward M. House “The Big Stick” Open Door Russo-Japanese War California “Oriental School” Controversy “Great White Fleet Venezuelan Debt Affair Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine Panama Canal “Dollar Diplomacy” “Moral Diplomacy” Danish West Indies/Virgin Islands Mexican Revolution Pancho Villa Anglo-German rivalry “Total War” Triple Entente/Allies Triple Alliance/Central Powers Austro-Hungarian Empire Archduke Franz Ferdinand American Neutrality Proclamation U-boats Lusitania Sussex Pledge Preparedness versus Pacifism “Peace without victory” ”He kept us out of war” “Too proud to fight” Zimmermann Telegram Bolshevik Revolution American Expeditionary Force (AEF) John J. Pershing Meuse-Argonne Offensive Liberty Bonds Council of National Defense War Industries Board/Bernard Baruch Nat. War Labor Board Ludlow Massacre “Great Migration” Peace Movement Industrial Workers of the World Com on Public Information/George Creel Billy Sunday Espionage Act Sabotage Act Sedition Act “Liberty cabbage” Fourteen Points Paris Peace Conference Big Four Intervention in USSR Treaty of Versailles Mandate System Reparations Trusteeship League of Nations Ratification Battle Henry Cabot Lodge The Irreconciliables Marcus Garvey The Red Scare Palmer Raids Sacco and Vanzetti The “Jazz Age” “Roaring Twenties” General Motors Henry Ford The Tin Lizzie Welfare Capitalism The “American Plan” McNary-Haugen Bill “Flapper” Sheppard-Towner Act Charles Lindbergh “The Lost Generation” The Jazz Singer H. L. Mencken Sinclair Lewis F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes The Noble Experiment Al Capone New Klu Klux Klan Fundamentalists American Civil Liberties Union Tennessee v. John T. Scopes Warren G. Harding “Return to Normalcy” Calvin Coolidge Teapot Dome Lochner v. New York ESSAYS TO CONSIDER The following are only suggestions of questions related to Chapters 21-24. Also consider materials and questions from the McClellan text. The instructor reserves the right to select other questions as well. 1. What were the factors that led the United States to enter World War I? What were American goals once we entered the war? Were those goals accomplished? Explain fully. 2. How successful was Progressivism? Compare and contrast the programs and styles of Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson. Be specific and cite examples. Which administration accomplished the most and why? 3. What were the main goals of the Progressive movement? How well did they accomplish these goals? Give specific examples to support your answer. Which areas were not handled well and why? 4. How had life for the average American changed from 1880 to 1920? Discuss this from social, economic, and cultural prospectives. 5. Several factors prompted U. S. entry into the war against Germany in 1917. Discuss them fully. What do you consider to be the most important reason for intervention? Was American entry inevitable? Explain your answer. 6. Compare and contrast Wilson’s plans for peace with the provisions of the peace treaty? Why did the treaty fail to receive ratification from the Senate? How could permanent peace be achieved? 7. In what ways did the increasing popularity of the automobile contribute to economic growth and social change in the United States during the 1920s? Be specific and cite examples taken from your readings. 8. Characterize the nature of life in the United States politically, economically, socially, and culturally during the 1920s. How was this a change from earlier periods, and why did Americans act the way they did?