The Progressive Era New Ideas For a New Century 1900-1917 Definition: An attempt of politics to catch up with the social and economic changes of the last half of the nineteenth century Conflicts in society: large businesses/ small businesses; urban/ rural; immigrants/ older population; working class/middle class; labor management Leaders: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Robert Lafollette, George Norris, the Muckrakers General Characteristics: attacks on bossism, slums, child labor, urban orientation, middle class, leadership, affects all areas of society, reforms at the local, state and national levels o government. Historical interpretations: William Allen White, Hofstadter/ Mowry, Schleisinger, Kolko National Reforms TR’s first term Northern Securities Case Dept. of Labor and Dept. of Commerce Anthracite Coal Strike, 1902 The Square Deal 1905-1909 Hepburn Act Muckrakers Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 Meat Inspection Act Employment Liability Conservative concerns Reclamation Act TR’s Foreign Affairs Big Stick Diplomacy Panama Canal Roosevelt Corolary to Mon. Doctrine W.H. Taft 1909-1913 Mann Elkins Act Payne Aldrich Tariff New Nationalism of T.R. Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Election of 1912 Wilson’s New Freedom State/Local Reforms LaFollette-Wisconsin Idea Charles Evans Hughes---NY Responsible government Underwood Simmons Tariff Federal Trade Commission Clayton Anti-trust Act Federal Reserve System, 1913 Brandeis (Jew) to Supreme Court Child Labor Laws Workman’s Comp. Federal Highway Act WW Foreign Affairs Dollar Diplomacy Wilson into Mexico Hiram Johnson---Calif. Woodrow Wilson---New Jersey Initiative, referendum, recdall Closed primary, open primary Public Service Commission Workman’s Compensation 10 hour day for women---Oregon Child Labor Laws Australian Ballot 16th Amendment, 1913 17th Amendment, 1913 18th Amendment, 1919 19th Amendment, 1919 The Progressive Era is a take off point for today’s United States.