THEORIES CHART

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THEORIES CHART
THEORY
Opponent Process Theory
Feature Analysis Theory
DEFINITION
Operation of one member of the pair
opposes the operation of the other
SUBJECT
Pattern perceptions stating that we
perceive the basic parts of the object and
compare them mentally to complete the
object
Trichromatic Theory
Vision
Place Theory
Hearing
Activation Synthesis Hypothesis
Dreams
Gate Control Theory
Senses
Signal Detection Theory
Thresholds
James Lang Theory
Stimulus ----- physiological change---emotion
Cannon and Bard Theory
Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Emotion
Making certain facial expressions produces
corresponding emotion
Schachter and Singer Appraisal Hypothesis
Emotion
Optimum Level Theory
Each individual’s body functions best at
some specific level of arousal
Contingency Theory
Strength of a CR depends on the ability of
the CS to predict occurrence of a US
State Dependent Learning Theory
Retrieval will be facilitated if the
individual’s physiological and emotional
state during retrieval matches
Encoding Specificity Theory
Memory
Frequency Theory
Hearing
-
Effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of ones that were present when the memory was
originally encoded
Classical conditioning
Vision/emotion
Information from emotional stimuli is simultaneously relayed by the thalamus to higher brain centers and the sympathetic
nervous system
Pain sensations are transmitted to the spinal cord stimulating the release of substance P which then stimulates an impulse to the
brain
Emotion
Emotion
Threshold measurement that takes the nature and background of stimulation into account
Direct relationship between dream content and brain activity
Memory
Motivation
Physiological arousal is an undifferentiated state
Basilar membrane vibrates at different rates to create perception of different pitches
Perception
3 types of cones, one for each primary color
Basilar member vibrates at different places to create perception of different pitches
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