Chapter 7 study guide- Cell Parts and Diffusion/Osmosis: Cell parts: 1. Distinguish between prokaryotes and eukaryotes 2. Be able to tell what the following individuals did to contribute to the cell theory” Rudolph Virchow Robert Hooke Anton van Leewnhoek Mathew Schleiden Charles Schwann 3. Identify the role of the following organelles in the function of the cell: Nucleus Rough endoplasmic reticulum Golgi body/apparatus Cytoplasm Vacuoles Cytoskeleton Lysosomes Mitochondria Chloroplast Cell wall Cell membrane Ribosomes Nuclear envelope Diffusion/Osmosis 1. Be able to define a selectively permeable membrane. 2. Be able to identify parts of the cell membrane on a diagram. 3. Be able to tell the difference between diffusion and osmosis. 4. Be able to describe the difference between hypertonic, hypotonic and isotonic solutions. 5. Be able to define active transport and give an example. 6. Be able to define passive transport and give an example. 7. Be able to define endocytosis. What is the difference between phagocytosis and pinocytosis? 8. Be able to define exocytosis. 9. Given data from a lab experiment, be able to determine whether the potato was placed in a hypertonic, hypotonic or isotonic solution. 10. Given data, be able to determine what solution would be isotonic to the potato and why.