The Judicial Branch Notes

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The Judicial Branch Notes
American Government
Dual Court System
The U.S. has a dual court system, which means that we have _____________ and _______________ courts
that work side-by-side.
Federal Courts
State Courts
What is jurisdiction?
Federal Jurisdiction
State Jurisdiction
Supreme Court Jurisdiction
Marbury v. Madison
 Establishes _________________ __________________
 The Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress __________________________
 Makes Supreme Court an __________________ and co-equal ____________ of ________________
How Does the Supreme Court decide cases?
The Supreme Court has both ______________________ and ______________________ jurisdiction, BUT
most cases are ___________________ from _________________ courts.


Writ of certiorari – party that lost an ___________ in a lower court explains why the Supreme
Court should _________ the case.
____ out of ___ justices must agree to hear the case. If not, the __________ of the lower court stands.
Decisions of the Supreme Court
majority opinion - ____________ _____________ (or senior justice in majority) explains ruling
dissenting opinion – explains the argument of the __________________
concurring opinion - explains any _______________ arguments for the ________________ opinion
Judicial Activism (_____________________)
Judicial Restraint (_____________________)
Criminal Justice System
Misdemeanor
Felony
Grand Jury
Indictment
Arraignment
Plea Bargain
Restitution
Incarceration
Due Process
Miranda Rights
Process in Criminal Justice System