Unit 5; Judicial Branch Key Terms Key Questions Article III Jurisdiction Exclusive jurisdiction Concurrent jurisdiction Original jurisdiction Appellate jurisdiction Plaintiff Defendant Counsel Criminal law Civil law Jury Docket Bench trial Writ of certiorari Certificate Redress Appeal Court-martial Brief Rule of Four Conference Judicial Review Marbury v. Madison Impeachment Inferior courts Constitutional courts Special courts District Court Courts of Appeals Supreme Court Justice Chief Justice Judicial Activism Judicial Restraint Test Review Why do we have a dual court system in the United States? Why did the framers see a need for a national judiciary? What is the organization and jurisdiction of the federal court system? From where do the regular federal courts derive their jurisdiction? How do federal judges get their jobs? What is the term length of a federal judge and WHY? How does the system of checks and balances protect against an abuse of power by any one branch of government? How did the Supreme Court gain status equal to the other two branches of the federal government? What types of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have? How many justices are on the Supreme Court? What types of cases are typically heard by the Supreme Court? How are Supreme Court cases decided? (trace the process) How do the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint relate to the federal judiciary’s exercise of its authority? How does the federal judiciary influence public policy expressed in legislative acts and executive actions? How can a president use the federal courts to have lasting influence on public policy? Why is the judiciary considered the most independent of the three branches of government? How does the writing of judicial opinions by members of the Supreme Court influence public policy? Essay Prompt You will be expected to DRAW YOUR OWN political cartoon that relates to the judicial branch, and write a one-paragraph analysis of your drawing!