Western Europe during the Middle Ages After Rome fell in 476, Europe was left with no __________________or _________________. Because Europe was constantly threatened by invaders there was a need for ___________ & ___________________. In the _____ & ______ centuries, Arabs, Magyars, and Vikings were a problem. The ___________ would sweep down from Scandinavia, present day Norway and Denmark. Feudalism: Establishing Order The Feudal system provided people with _____________ by establishing a Lords and Ladies The nobility lived on __________. Manor houses were surrounded by ____________ and other buildings like stables. They were also protected by _____________ & ___________. Castles and manors were visual reminders of the social hierarchy. The first castles had a __________, a keep on top of a hill, and a _____________ where the lower classes congregated. Though the _____________ & _____________ had the most privileges, their life was far from comfortable ___________ __________. In this system people of different classes were bound to each other by oaths of loyalty. The oaths were Knights and Peasants exchanged for _________ , or tracts of land. The path to becoming a knight began as a Lords and Knights established manors- large ________, then as a __________, until finally estates far from towns and other manors. Thus, becoming a knight in his ____________ ’s. the ____________ had to ____________ all of Knights were expected to be loyal, gallant, and the things the manor needed. Life on a manor fair as dictated by the code of __________. was repetitive and people stayed in their Peasants lives, on the other hand, revolved _______ ________ for life. around __________ as they were the ones who kept the entire _________ _________ working. Monarchs During Feudal Times Monarchs were at the top of the social hierarchy and were expected to provide The ___________ _________ arose as a way of _____________ for their vassals. The idea that protecting property and people and it was based god gave them their rule is known as ________ on _________ of __________. Monarchs ____________________. exchanged ________ with vassals who William the Conqueror defeated his cousin at promised loyalty. the ________________________. William then brought Feudalism to ____________.