WHG1 – Work sheet: SF p. 23 Name__________________________________ 1. This was the largest Islamic empire to succeed the fallen Abbasid Dynasty. It captured Constantinople, finally ending the thousand-year reign of the Byzantine Empire. 2. These organizations regulated the price and quality of goods produced by craftsmen during the Middle Ages in Europe. These organizations also helped to run the towns, and they were the ancestors of today’s labor unions. 3. As cities and trade increased in Europe, a new class of people began to emerge. These merchants and craftspeople were not as wealthy and powerful as the nobility (lords and kings), but they were a heck of a lot better off than serfs. What was this new class in society? 4. A member of the French nobility, William the Conqueror, invaded and conquered England. He used knights to help win the battle, and he built castles in England for protection. What is the name given to this victory that promoted the age of knights and castles during the Middle Ages in Europe? 5. In this long war, France and England fought for control of the French monarchy. During the war, new weapons made knights and castles obsolete. The entire feudal system began to break down as people switched their loyalty from local feudal lords to the kings of their countries. 6. This teen-age peasant girl led a French army to victory in warfare against the English during the late Middle Ages. Her triumph was the turning point in a long war that decided the fate of France. 7. This was the style of architecture adopted by the Roman Catholic Church at the height of its power and glory. The great cathedrals of Europe were built in this style. The most prominent feature of this architecture is the pointed arch.