States, Societies and the Politics of Development Code Weight of the course Period Course Leader Lecturer Teaching Methods Exam Contact ISS-1102 3 ECTS TERM 1 Joop de Wit Joop de Wit, Sylvia Bergh Participatory Lecture Written examination: 100% Vlada Tchirikova Learning objectives At the end of the course, students will know: the relevance of politics to development and how political power influences the direction and outcomes of development interventions; key concepts and theories of the state, state-society interactions, political systems, as well as sovereignty and legitimacy; different forms of government (democratic, authoritarian, developmental) as well as actors in governance and democracy such as politicians and civil society organizations; leading determinants and characteristics of state formation, social forces and development, including the use and abuse of state power and relations between state and non-state actors in development situations. Course description Politics structure the possibilities for realising development, social justice and societal change. This course introduces students to the major manifestations of political power by locating it in the context of state-society relationships. It will enable students to analyse and communicate how development mediates power relations and structures, and how states, societies and institutions at local, national and international levels influence each other. Having completed the course the students will be able to explain the centrality of political power in development interventions, and in responses and counter-responses to these interventions. The course is located in the field of politics of development and addresses key concepts and theories of power in relation to the actors and institutions of governance and democracy in development. This foundation course in politics furthermore introduces students to certain themes that lay the foundations for explaining this enduring relationship, namely: Classical theories of the state, state-society interactions and political systems. Critical introduction to broad notions of sovereignty and legal, democratic and other (traditional, charismatic) forms of legitimacy. Different types of political systems and government regimes, including the role of nationalism, ideology and political stability. The relations between governance and politics and non-state actors such as civil society, social movements and market actors and firms. Indicative readings Bebbington, AJ, Hickey, S and Mitlin, D (2008) Can NGOs Make a Difference: The Challenge of Development Alternatives. London: Zed Books. Fritz, V and Menocal A R (2007) 'Developmental States in the New Millennium: Concepts and Challenges for a New Aid Agenda', Development Policy Review 25(5): 531-552. Haugaard, M (ed.) (2002) Power: A Reader. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Heywood, A (1999) Political Theory: An Introduction. London: Palgrave Heywood, A (2002) Politics. London: Palgrave. Leftwich, A (2000) States of Development: The Primacy of Politics’ in Development. London: Polity Press. Robinson, M and G. White (eds) (1998) The Democratic Developmental State: Politics and Institutional Design, New York: Oxford University Press.