DNA Recombination - Deer Creek Schools

advertisement
DNA Recombination
Introduction:
In order to remove a gene from one cell and insert it into another cell, the gene must be cut from the
original chromosome and implanted into the one in the recipient cell. This is accomplished by using
special chemicals called restriction enzymes. These enzymes recognize a specific sequence of
nucleotides and cutting the DNA at this specific location leaving "sticky ends." If the cell receiving the
gene is cut with the same enzyme, it will have the same sticky ends, and will accept the new gene.
Another enzyme called ligase, is used to glue the spliced ends together.
This technique is used to place mammalian genes into bacterial cells, so that the bacteria can produce
the material coded for by the mammalian gene. For example, if the human gene for the production of
insulin is inserted into a bacterial cell, the altered bacterium will produce insulin. As the bacterial cell
divides, the offspring will also have the ability to produce insulin.
Objective:
In this laboratory exercise the student will simulate how genes are removed from one cell and inserted
into another.
Materials:
 Scissors

Tape

Handout
Procedure:
 Cut out the chromosome segment and plasmid.
 For this exercise we will use the restriction enzyme known as EcoRI. EcoRI recognizes the
following sequence of DNA and cuts it accordingly:








Find the same base sequence further along on the chromosome.
Cut following the example.
You have a portion of the chromosome containing the gene you are transferring plus two "sticky
ends."
Find the correct base sequence in the circular plasmid of the bacterium.
Cut it in the same way you cut the previous chromosome. You can now open the plasmid. Notice
that one cut of the plasmid gives you two sticky ends!
Insert the gene from the chromosome into the cut plasmid.
Check to see that your base pairs match.
Tape in place.
Handout
Name: __________________________________
Analysis Questions:
1. What is the purpose of putting a human gene in a bacterial cell?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
2. What happens to the donor DNA when it gets into the bacterial cell?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
3. What does the scissors represent in this process?
________________________________________________________________________
4. What does the tape represent in this model? ___________________________________
5. What would be the advantage of inserting the human gene into a human cell?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Download
Related flashcards
Bacteria

27 Cards

Cyanobacteria

72 Cards

Bacteria phyla

17 Cards

Enterobacteria

74 Cards

Create flashcards