Revised 1-09 Chemistry Objectives: Chemical Reactions Chapter 10 1. C1.1C Conduct scientific investigations using appropriate tools and techniques (e.g. selecting an instrument that measure the desired quantity—length, volume, weight, time interval, temperature—with the appropriate level of precision) (Temperature Probe Lab) 2. Write a proper skeleton equation to represent a given reaction 3. Given a skeleton equation, write a word equation. 4. List those elements which exist as diatomic molecules 5. C5.2C Represent chemical equations using sketches 6. C5.2A Balance simple chemical equations applying the conservation of matter 7. C5.6b Classify reactions as synthesis, combustion, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement Revised 1-09 8. Predict the products of a reaction and write a balanced chemical equation, given the reactants. 9. C5.2B Distinguish between chemical and physical changes in terms of the properties of the reactants and products (Chemical reactions in aqueous solutions will produce a precipitate, water, or gas) 10. C3.3c Explain why it is necessary for a molecule to absorb energy to break a chemical bond. 11. C3.1b, C3.4d Draw enthalpy diagrams for exothermic and endothermic reactions that include enthalpies for reactants, products and activation energies. 12. C3.4B Use energy diagrams to explain why chemical reactions will either release or absorb energy. 13. C2.3a Explain how temperature and activation energy affect the rate of a chemical reaction. Revised 1-09 14. C2.3b Explain how an exothermic reaction can have a very slow rate. 15. C3.2a Describe the energy changes in photosynthesis and in the combustion of sugar in terms of bonds breaking and bond making.