PLASMAPHERESIS EFFECT ON THE HLA-ANTIBODIES IN KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION AND DESENSITIZATION Marino-Vazquez LlA1, Guichard-Romero A1, Hérnandez-Méndez EA1, Terasaki PI2, Bañuelos N2, Alberú J1, Morales-Buenrostro LE1. 1 Department of Nephrology and Mineral Metabolism, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. 2Terasaki Foundation Laboratory, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Background: The development of anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies (HLA-DSA), increase the risk of immunological complications and graft loss. Protocols for elimination/inhibition of these antibodies are heterogeneous. One of the oldest and best maneuvers to eliminate them is plasmapheresis (PP) with/without IVIG, but there is little information about the percentage removal of antibodies with each session of PP, then how many are needed or if combined with IVIG is better than alone. In this report we examine the percentage of reduction of HLA-DSA in patients undergoing pre-transplant desensitization and treatment of humoral rejection in kidney transplantation. The information obtained will lead to more rational use of PP in kidney transplant programs. Patients and Methods: Clinical and longitudinal study. We included 39 kidney transplant recipients (KTR) with humoral rejection and 4 patients who received PP for desensitization, from August 2011 to July 2013; divided in two groups: 1) Patients treated with only PP (n=10) and 2) Patients treated with PP+IVIG (n=29). The level of HLA-DSA and their specificities were determined by Luminex single antigen bead assay (One Lambda, Canoga Park, CA). Results: For the 39 patients the mean age was 34.28 ± 8.82 years; 64.1% were males. The 82.1% of patients received a living donor graft and the most common cause of CKD was unknown. For Group 1: 8 patients developed HLA-DSA Class I, decreasing to 42% and 6 Class II decreasing to 44%. In Group 2: 19 had Class I, decreasing to 27% and 25 Class II decreasing only to 91%. The figures depict the behavior of HLA-DSA from baseline, after first PP, before second PP and after last PP for both groups. PLASMAPHERESIS & IVIG CLASS I HLAabs 100 75 50 25 CLASS II HLAabs 0 Baseline Post-1st PP Pre-2nd PP Post-Last PP % Change from baseline % Change from baseline PLASMAPHERESIS ONLY 125 150 CLASS II HLAabs 125 100 75 50 25 CLASS I HLAabs 0 Baseline Post-1st PP Pre-2nd PP Post-Last PP Discussion: The PP was effective to remove HLA-DSA. We were able to identify an expected rebound after PP, due to exchange of HLA-DSA from interstitial fluid to plasma. The final reduction of HLA-DSA was similar in both groups, except for Class II when IVIG was used, maybe due to luminex measure issue. It is well known the possible interference of IVIG on HLADSA measure, but in this study it was only evident for Class II HLA-DSA. Each center must to compare different treatment schemes to define the best cost-benefit option for eliminate the HLA-DSA.