表一:July 2001 COAA S’COOL Student Summer Camp
(7/9) at GSFC Visitor Center( Goddard 是 NASA 研究氣候的部門)
Fundamental of Earth Science (主持人: Chao )
9:00—9:15 Welcome (Tony Liu, COAA 理事長 ;Dr.SKY 活動策劃人)
9:15—10:00 The planet beneath us (Ben Chao)
10:15—11:00 A multi-media talk( David Herring)
11:00—13:00 Goddard Tour
13:00—13:30 Lunch (picnic)
13:30—14:15 E-theater( Fritz-Hasler’s)
14:15—15:00 Satellite Remote Sensing of the Earth (Jim Shiue)
Tue 7/10
Going fishing,playing soccer on nice days? What a ceaseless wind
can also do to you? (Wilbur Chen)
at UMCP(馬里蘭大學)
Weather weather & Climate (Chair: Sui)
Aerosol & Ozone Hole (Allen Chu)
A walk in cloud (Ruei-Fong Lin)
Disastrous weather or unselfish atmosphere :let’s take a look at
Typhoons, Hurricanes,Tornadoes,and Squalls (Cuung-Lin Shieh)
What is the most important element influencing Earth climate? And
S’COOL Day (Chair :Chambers)
Introduction to CERES and SCOOL
How we use S’COOL data
How you can use S’COOL data
Hands-on activities
at UMCP(馬里蘭大學)
at UMCP(馬里蘭大學)
Weather and Forecasts (Chair: Juang)
Data organization & analysis (T-W Yu)
Computer and Numerical Modeling (Henry Juang)
Ocean model and Analysis (Bohua Huang)
Lunch and trip to SSMC
Tour NOAA SSMC (Wu & Chen)
at UMCP(馬里蘭大學)
Our Living Environment (Chair:Yang)
Air pollution (Sarah Lu)
Nature disaster (W.Tseng)
Cumulus, Thermal, Eagle and Balloon (S-K Yang)
Review (Tony Liu, S-K Yang, Wilbur Chen, Sui, C-L,Shieh )
COAA 支援研習營的科學家及課程簡介
Ben Chao
Title: The Planet beneath us.
Abstract: The living, solid part of our Earth supports our existence but is
also a source of various natural hazards. How do we study it from "outside"
without "seeing" it?
Short Bio: Graduated from National Taiwan University in Physics (1973),
then studied geophysics at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at
University of California, San Diego (Ph.D. in 1981). Then worked at NASA
Goddard Space Flight Center as a geophysicist till now.
Wilbur Chen
Going fishing, playing soccer on nice days?
What a ceaseless wind can also do to you?
In Taiwan, you experienced horrible earth quakes, typhoons. What other
damages a ceaseless wind can do? Have you heard of El Nino, La Nina,
severe drought, endless heat waves, forest fires? Or torrential rains,
devastating floods that can change the face of the earth? Ever seen a
massive iceberg that can sink another Titan? Would a global warming melt
it away? Instead of a macho cop, do you like to be a tornado chaser? A
water spout watcher? I hope you do not live on a beautiful hillside,
that can be wash away by a gigantic mud-slide. Horrible stories. But
these are the natures we live with. Let us understand them and harness
them. Come to enjoy the story of how the "jet streams" was found during
the world war II.
Bio of Wilbur Chen He is a senior scientist with the Climate
Prediction Center which is a part of the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. He graduated from the National Taiwan
University and received a Ph.D. from the University of California at San
Diego. He has worked in NASA Langley Research Center, Geophysical Fluid
Dynamic Laboratory, as well as the World Meteorological Organization in
Geneva, Switzerland.
Jim Shiue
Topic : Satellite Remote Sensing of the Earth
Abstract: Why do we use satellites for Observing the Earth? In a nut-shell,
it is faster and cheaper and easier. In some case, satellite is the only
way. A good example is the weather forecast. It needs to measure the air
temperature and humidity every where on the Earth, on a 10 -50 km grid,
every 12 hours of each day. In case of the Typhoons, we want to follow
their movements every 10 minutes, not hours, out over the vast oceans.
This talk will give a thumb-nail sketch of what we can measure from
satellites, plus some how and why.
Short Bio: Jim Shiue is a graduate of National Taiwan University, where he
received a BS degree. He also collected a MS, an Engineer's degree, and a
Ph.D., from the Univ. of Vt, Stanford, and NYU, respectively. Since the
early 70s he has been working at NASA Goddard, where he is on the staff of
the Microwave Sensors Branch, Earth Science Directorate.
Ruei-Fong Lin
A walk in cloud (not by Keeanu Reeve)
Cloud, a visible mass of tiny, condensed water droplets or ice crytals
suspended in the atmosphere, is an important component in the hydrological cycle. In
this lecture, we explore many aspects of cloud: its formation, the typical droplet size,
and the formation of rain. And last, a walk in cloud- why it is different from a
walk in rain?
Ruei-Fong Lin is currently an assistant research sciestist in the
Goddard Earth Science and Technology (GEST) Center of University of
Maryland, Baltimore County. She received her B. S. degree in atmospheric
sciences from National Taiwan University, and M.S. and Ph.D. degree in
meteorology from Pennsylvania State University. Her expertise and
research interests are numerical modeling of clouds, cloud physics and
radiative transfer. She is an alumna of Taipei's First Girls' High School.
Chung-Lin Shieh
"Disastrous weather or unselfish atmosphere: lets take a look at tornados,
thunderstorms, typhoons, and hurricanes"
More or less, we have all experienced certain kinds of severe
(sometimes disastrous) weather in our otherwise "peaceful" lives.
For example, the mighty Typhoon is, in particular, no stranger for us
who came from Taiwan. However, have you ever thought about how these
different types of severe weather originated? and mostly when and
where? Then, are they necessary for us on earth? and why? By
presenting a general review of the respective types of severe
weather, hopefully all of these puzzles can be answered in this talk.
-C.V.Chung-Lin Shie, originally from Taiwan, R.O.C., has a B.S. from NTU
in the 70's. Was curious about snowy weather and ended up with a
M.S. from Penn State in the 80's. Missing the sunshine, led him to
Florida State where he received his Ph.D. in the 90's. Returned to
the cold D.C. Metropolitan area (was he crazy?) and became a contract
scientist at NASA/GSFC affiliated with SSAI (present) and UMBC/GEST
(soon?) ever since. Considers himself a 50% research meteorologist
(cloud modeling, air-sea interaction, and remote sensing), 20%
arts-lover, 20% philosophy-seeker, and 10% math-hobbyist.
C-H Sui
"What is the most important element influencing Earth climate? and why?"
I will start by answering the question "Why isn't Earth hot as an
oven?". After discussing greenhouse and albedo effects of water
vapor, cloud, and sea ice on global energy balance, an estimate of
global water distribution and water cycle will be given. Then a brief
survey will be made of Earth's climate variability. (if time allow
and no other speaker plan to), I may then mention some basic issues
of anthropogenic Climate Change.
-C.V.Chung-Hsiung Sui graduated from the Department of Atmospheric
Sciences, NTU in 1976. He received a doctoral degree in Atmospheric
Sciences in 1984 from the Unviersity of California, Los Angeles. He
then moved to the Washington, D.C. area, first working in the
University of Maryland and then joined Goddard. He is now a Goddard
scientist studying hydrologic cycles, air-sea interaction, and
climate variability.
Wed Title: "S'COOL Day"
Introduction to CERES and S'COOL
How we use S'COOL data
How you can use S'COOL data
Hands-on activities
Lin Chambers is the initiator and director of the S'COOL Project, and
a member of the CERES Science Team. Despite her name, she is not Chinese.
Doug Stoddard is the S'COOL Teacher-in-Residence.
Tsann Yu
Title: How meteorological observation data are used in making weather
forecasts ?
Various types of meteorolgical observations, from conventional surface and
upper air networks, to remotely sensed satellite wind, temperature and
humidity data are introduced first. Then the concepts of data analyses are
presented, followed by a brief description of current operational NWS/NCEP
numerical weather prediction systems. The talk will conclude by a discussion
on how the weather forecasts are produced and disseminated to the public.
Tsann-wang Yu received his B.S. degree in meteorology from the National Taiwan
University in 1967, and holds a Ph. D. degree in atmospheric sciences from the
University of Texas at Ausitn in 1972. After several years of stint as postdoctoral
fellows and teaching/research professors, he has been permanently
working at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction of the National
Weather Service, NOAA, as a research meteorologist since 1977, specializingin
numerical weather prediction.
Bohua Huang
Ocean Model and Analysis
This presentation introduces ocean general circulation model as a useful tool in
understanding ocean circulation, air-sea interaction,
and climate variability. We will present some examples of using models to study the
ocean's roles in causing El Ni 寸 and droughts
in sub-Sahara Africa and northeastern Brazil. We will also demonstrate some efforts
in combining oceanic observations and the
model to produce continuous fields for long-term forecasts.
Bohua Huang, Ph.D, 1992, University of Maryland. He is now a research scientist at
the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere
Studies. His research fields include ocean modeling, data assimilation, and the
tropical ocean variability.
Tiros Lee
Title: Weather chitchat: "Tahn Tien"
"Tomorrow's forecast... Freezing rain changes to sleet and snow in the
afternoon. All snow by evening. Windy and cold with high in the 20's.
Total snow accumulation 6 to 12 inches." Wait a minute, it's beautiful
out! Is this for real?
Short Bio:
B.S. of Atmospheric Science, National Taiwan University.
M.S. of Atmospheric Science, State University of New York at Albany.
PH.D. of Atmospheric Science, State University of New York at Albany.
Weather Officer at Tainan Air Force Base, Taiwan, 1977-1979.
Central Weather Bureau, Taiwan, 1979-1983, 1985-1986. Satellite data analysis.
General Sciences Corp/SAIC, 1995-current. Software development for weather
analysis and forecast.
Sarah Lu
Air Pollution
Briefly discuss a variety of air pollutants and their
impacts on human and environment. I will then present some
background information on ozone pollution (such as how ozone
is formed in the lower atmosphere and how it evolves in the
atmosphere) and some basic issues of air quality (such as
how to improve air quality).
C.V. Cheng-Hsuan Lu graduated from the Department of Atmospheric
Physics, NCU on 1989. She received her PhD degree in Atmospheric
Sciences in 1998 from the State University of New York at Albany.
She continued her postdoctoral research at SUNY for two years and
joined NCEP Climate Prediction Center in 2000.
William Tseng
Title: Natural Disaster
Abstract: To introduce, identify and monitor different kinds of the atmospheric,
oceanic and land natural disaster encountered
recently around the world, particularly using satellite imagery.
Biography: Dr. William Tseng has been working for the National Oceanographic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as an
oceanographer for more than ten years. His function is mainly in ocean applications
of remote sensing. He earned a Ph.D. in
Oceanic Science from the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, the
University of Michigan.
Title: Cumulus, Thermal, Eagle and Balloon
The theory of temperature lapse rate and stability will be introduced. The relationship
to fair weather cumulus, thermal and balloon
will be discussed. How eagle and glider pilots utilize thermal for soaring, will be
Shi-Keng Yang is a Senior Research Scientist and the Project Leader of RDC at
Climate Prediction Center/NOAA. He has closely
worked with NASA/Langley on the cloud/radiation related researches.
received his BS from NCU 1977, and Ph.D from the
U. of Michigan, 1984.